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Arts and Humanities
The World of Jesus
Terms in this set (19)
A group of pious, ultraconservative Jews who left the Temple of Jerusalem and began a community by the Dead Sea, known as Qumran.
A Jewish religious group that strictly observed and taught the Law of Moses.
A Jewish sect at the time of Jesus known for its strong commitment to the Temple in Jerusalem.
radical Jews who supported rebellion against the Romans
a participation in God's goodness and a response to God's love by the way that we live
ritual rules about "purity" and "pollution" that structure how a particular society or community works by defining not only what a people can eat, but also what they can touch, with whom they can mingle or eat, whom they can marry, how ill, wounded, or dead bodies are to be handled, what constitutes a "polluting" sore or disease, what kind of sexual act is proper, and so on
The holy place in Jerusalem where Jewish people gathered to worship God
An ancient Essene monastery on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea. Near it were found the ancient Dead Sea scrolls.
the scattering of Jewish settlements outside Israel
Meeting places for study and prayer introduced by the Pharisees to foster study of the Law and adherence to the covenant code.
The first five books of Jewish Scripture, which they believe are by Moses, are called this
a day set apart to rest and honor God
the king of the Hebrews who ordered John the Baptist beheaded for Salome's reward and who ordered all Jewish males under age two killed to prevent the "King of the Jews" from overthrowing him.
Day of Atonement
Known as Yom Kippur, this is the holiest day of the year for the Jewish people. It is a day when Jews ask forgiveness for both communal and personal sins.
Members of the tribe of Levi, who would be the priests for the rest of Israel.
An assembly of Jewish religious leaders—chief priests, rabbis, scribes, and elders—who functioned as the supreme council and tribunal during the time of Christ.
the Law, most importantly the Ten Commandments, that God gave to Moses on Mount Sinai to guide the lives of the Israelites
A highly respected teacher of Jewish law or theology
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