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13 terms

Basics of Medical Terminology

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Word root or Root
Main words or parts;
Common parts;
Fundamental unit of each medical word. Prefix and/or suffix may be added.
Prefix
A syllable or word placed at the beginning of a word;
Common beginnings;
A short word part added before a root to modify its meaning. Usually, but does not always, indicate location, time, or number.
Suffix
Can be defined as a syllable or word placed at the end of the word;
Common endings;
A short word part added at the end of a root to modify its meaning. Usually, but does not always indicate procedures, conditions, disorders, or disease
Suffixes that mean condition of
-ia
-ism
-osis
-y
Adjective suffixes (adjectives modify nouns)
-ac
-al
-ar
-oid
Suffixes pertaining to specialties and specialists
-ology
-ist
-iatrist
-ian/-ician
Plural endings
-a/-ae
-en/-ina
-is/-es
-nx/-nges
-on/-a
-um/-a
-us/-i
Prefixes pertaining to number
prim/i-
bi-
hemi-
tri-
quad-
ambi-
Prefixes pertaining to color
cyan/o
erythr/o
leuk/o
Negative prefixes
a-, an-
anti-
dis-
in-, (im- before b, m, p)
un-
dys-
Prefixes pertaining to direction
ab-
ad-
trans-
intra-
inter-
Prefixes pertaining to degree
hyper-
hypo-
Prefixes pertaining to time & position
ante-
pre-
pro-
post-
pre-
semi-