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50 biology words
50 words for bio
Terms in this set (50)
Study of life
Highly organized, tiny structures with thin coverings called membranes.... Smallest unit capable of all life functions
Living things maintain constant internal conditions that are different from the surrounding environment
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
A group of genetically similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring.
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment
Information obtained through the senses.
Explanation that might come true/ a statement that can be tested and confirmed by further observations or experiments
A planned procedure that tests if a hypothesis is true or false.
A set hypotheses that have been tested and confirmed many times by scientists
three nucleotide bases that code for a nucleic acid
A section of DNA that codes for a trait
Scientific study of heredity
Replicated forms of a chromosome joined together by the centromere and eventually separated during mitosis.
connects two chromatids of a chromosome
A mixture in which one or more substances are evenly distributed in another substance.
Organic compounds made of carbon and hydrogen ions in a solution
A long chain of smaller molecules called Amino acids
A long chain of smaller molecules called nucleiotides
cells that can develop into almost any type of cell.
Make appear larger than it is, especially with a lens or microscope.
An tool that makes small objects look larger
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and functional units of all living organisms
genes you get from your parents
Fuels produced from plant and animal products.
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of plants
A phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as a barrier between the inside of a cell and the cell's environment
The part of the cell within the membrane that includes the fluid, cytoskeleton, and all organelles except the nucleus
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Control center of the cell and contains the DNA
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell and found in the cytoplasm
Site of cellular respiration that produces ATP (organelle)
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energy from the cell
something that brings about a change in something else
short hairlike fibers that some cells use to move
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
the transport of substances through a cell membrane along a concentration gradient with the aid of carrier proteins
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration gradient
cells created from parent cells during cell division
Cell membrane forms a pouch around the substance. The pouch closes and pinches off from the membrane to form a vesicle inside the cell.
A process in which a vesicle inside a cell fuses with the cell membrane and releases its contents to the external environment. Transports to outside of cell
Carbon dioxide + water ----> glucose + oxygen (converting light into food) When autotrophs use the above to make the above
A organism that makes its own food.
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating other organisms or their by-products.
Creating energy or ATP from glucose and oxygen
a green pigment that is present in most plant cells, that gives plants their characteristics green color, and that reacts with sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to form carbohydrates.
A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is just there
relationship when one organism is harmed, the other is unaffected