Geography Map Skills Unit
Terms in this set (33)
A scale model of the Earth.
A pattern of imaginary lines that circles the globe in east-west and north-south directions.
The east-west lines on a map or globe that measure north and south latitude.
Another name for lines of latitude because they are always parallel to each other.
An imaginary latitude line that circles the Earth halfway between the North and South Poles and measures at 0 degrees latitude.
The north-south lines on a map or globe that measure east and west longitude.
Another name for lines of longitude because these lines pass through the poles.
An imaginary longitude line that runs through Greenwich, England and measures at 0 degrees longitude.
Sections of the Earth divided by the Equator (Northern and Southern) and Prime Meridian (Eastern and Western).
A flat diagram of all or part of the Earth's surface.
Different ways of showing our round planet on flat maps.
A type of map projection based on a cylinder wrapped around the globe in which distances measured along the equator are correct, but become more distorted as they near the poles.
A type of map projection based on a cone placed over the globe. It is most accurate along the lines of latitude where it touches the globe and retains almost true shape and size.
A type of map projection that touches the globe at one point such as the North or South Pole. It is useful for showing true direction for airplane pilots and ship navigators. It shows true area but distorts the true shape of the landmasses.
A directional indicator on a map that shows the Cardinal Directions (North, East, South, West) and sometimes include the Intermediate Directions (NE,SE,NW,SW) as well.
The size of an area or object on a map or globe compared to the size of that actual area or object on the Earth's surface.
A graphic on a map that compares the distance on a map to the actual distance it represents. For example 1 inch represents 100 miles. Kilometers are usually shown too.
A box or other display on a map that explains the meaning of the symbols used on the map. Also known as a "Map Key."
A smaller map or picture of the globe that shows the specific area shown on the main map in relation to the entire globe. It is usually shown in red.
A map showing political features of a region such as countries, states, provinces, districts, and capital cities.
A map that shows the major physical features of a region such as mountains, hills, plains, deserts, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc.
A map that focuses on one special topic, such as climate, natural resources, population, etc.
The study of the world, it's people, and the landscapes they create.
All the human and physical features that make a place's geography unique.
A field that studies people and the relationships among them.
A part of the world that has one or more common features that distinguish it from surrounding areas.
A specific description of where a place is.
A general description of where a place lies.
The land, water, climate, plants, and animals of an area.
The study of of the world's physical features (landforms, bodies of water, climates, soils, and plants)
The study of the world's people, communities, and landscapes.
The science of making maps.
The study of weather and what causes it.
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