How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

31 terms

Ch. 5

STUDY
PLAY
Teratogen
This is any substance that can cross the placental barrier and harm an unborn child.
habituation
Infant novelty preferences have been discovered by assessing infants'
Maturation
This is the biological growth processes that are relatively uninfluenced by experience.
Cognition
This is known as the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
Jean Piaget
Which psychologist was most influential in shaping our understanding of cognitive development?
Schemas
What are people's conceptual frameworks for understanding their experiences.
Assimilation
Interpreting new experiences in terms of existing schemas is called
sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
What is the correct order of Piaget's stages of cognitive development?
sensorimotor
When Tommy's mother hides his favorite toy under a blanket, he acts as though it no longer exists and makes no attempt to retrieve it. Tommy is clearly near the beginning of Piaget's ________ stage.
Conservation
Mrs. Pearson cut Judy's hot dog into eight pieces and Sylvia's into six pieces. Sylvia cried because she felt she wasn't getting as much hot dog as Judy. Piaget would say that Sylvia doesn't understand the principle of
egocentrism
This is the difficulty perceiving things from another person's point of view.
preoperational; concrete operational
According to Piaget, egocentrism is to conservation as the ________ stage is to the ________ stage.
Formal operational
At what stage do people begin to think abstractly
schemas
Infants develop a fear of strangers at about 8 months of age because they can't assimilate unfamiliar faces into their
Body contact
Studies of monkeys raised with artificial mothers suggest that mother-infant emotional bonds result primarily from mothers providing infants with
imprinting
Konrad Lorenz did studies on what aspect of attachment
Secure attachment
One-year-old Eunice is not overly fearful of strangers but she clearly prefers being held by her mother than by anyone else. Her behavior best illustrates
Temperament
Evidence that easy, relaxed infants develop secure attachments more readily than difficult, emotionally intense babies would illustrate the importance of
authoritarian
What parenting style
imposes rules and expects obedience.
Authoritative
Parents who are demanding and yet sensitively responsive to their children are said to be
Adolescence
This starts with the beginnings of sexual maturity and lasts until independent adulthood.
Primary sexual characteristics
The body structures that enable reproduction are the
spermarche
The first ejaculation in boys is known as
pruning
The selective loss of unused connections among brain cells is called
Post Conventional
According to Kohlberg, morality based on the avoidance of punishment and the attainment of concrete rewards represents ________ morality.
Preconventional
According to Kohlberg, morality based on the avoidance of punishment and the attainment of concrete rewards represents ________ morality.
preconventional; conventional
Avoiding physical punishment is to ________ morality as respecting the laws of society is to ________ morality.
adolescence
According to Erikson, achieving a sense of identity is the special task of the
stagnation
According to Erikson, failure to resolve the tasks of middle adulthood leads to a sense of __________ involving a concern for one's own needs and comforts only.
menopause
This is the cessation of menstruation.
Kohlberg
_________ studied moral development by posing moral dilemmas to children of different ages