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SOC 100 Exam 1 (5-6)
Terms in this set (15)
What do sociologists mean by nature versus nurture, and how do they approach the debate?
They mean are our behaviors born through genes or are they adapted by our surrounding environment. They approach it by stating that normally it is a bit of both rather than solely one concept
Be able to identify and describe the stages of childhood socialization (pre-play, play, and game)
Pre-Play: Begins in early life, focus on imitation
Play Stage: Child begins to take on more complex ideas such as role-playing. Where we play role as a cook, teacher, astronaut, etc. Adopts one role but cannot relate to other roles (Soccer with no real positions)
Game Stage: Taking the role of the other, realizing there are multiple roles that must function together, (Soccer but realizing I am the Goalie)
What are agents of socialization? Be able to identify them, and how they may work together.
They are people or groups that influence our self-conception, values, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors. Family, Friends and Peers, School, Media
Be able to discuss whether socialization ever ends, and when we may see it after we graduate from high school.
Socialization never ends and we see it all the time when we take up a new role. New Student, new job, etc.
What is dramaturgy, and what does Goffman mean by the "presentation of self"?
Dramaturgy is the concept that we are always putting on an act where we play a specific role according to our context
What is the front stage, and what are the components?
Front stage is the interaction and performance, but also the setting and personal front with "props" being appearance, manner, language, etc.
(Seeing professor in class)
What is the back stage? Be able to distinguish it from the front stage
Back stage is what occurs away from the interaction. Such as a teacher being seen in a grocery store
(Seeing professor at a concert)
What do Furstenberg et al. mean by "early adulthood"? How have the defining characteristics of adulthood changed? What are the primary reasons for a prolonged early adulthood?
They mean the new stage where people begin to take steps and make accomplishments into adulthood but has been delayed and takes longer to achieve because of factors like the need to have an education for more success, marriage, etc.
In the documentary "Growing Up Online", what are the challenges of growing up online? Be able to identify where the dangers come from (i.e., are they new to the internet, or are they an expansion of the dangers a young person would face in their everyday life?).
The challenges are that kids are normally disconnected and live different lives online than when offline. The play facades online and become a whole new self online. Also, those outside of the media loop are normally left behind and outcasted
How does increasing group size influence stability, conflict, and intimacy in groups?
It causes the group to become stable because the bigger the group, the less impact if one should leave. It also can allot for more conflict because of increased individual threat, and causes less intimacy and relationships to develop due to more shear numbers
What is conformity, and what role does it play in society? Are we forced to conform to rules and expectations? What are some of the factors that influence our willingness to conform?
Conformity is the change in behavior or beliefs toward a group standard as a result from the group's influence on the individual
What does Granovetter mean by the "strength of weak ties"? Why is this relevant for getting a job or learning new information?
He means that should one be loosely connected and have many weak ties and relationships with many people, then he would be more able to have more opportunities like jobs than one with little to no weak ties.
What does Weber mean by an "ideal type"? How would this apply to a classroom, for example?
An ideal type is the conceptual maps of "what it is" rather than what it ought to be
What are the components of bureaucracy?
1. Stable, written rules
2. Clear Responsibilities and Duties
3. Hierarchical authority
4. Hiring based on expertise and skill
5. Officials' roles are separate from their private lives
6. Clearly defined Roles
What is the relationship between modern industrial society and bureaucratic organizations?
This world is becoming interdependent and that an interdependent world needs organizations
Development of modernity and rationality the trend toward formality
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