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Arts and Humanities
World War 2 Second Half
Terms in this set (19)
-This president during WW2 supported internationalism, the idea that trade among nations creates prosperity, and the Allied cause. Although he declared America neutral, he was determined to help the Allied cause.
-He created the idea of the hemispheric defense zone, and the Lend-Lease Act, as well as the Atlantic Charter.
Neutrality Act of 1935
-This act made it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any country at war.
-The act was intended to lessen the likelihood of America going into war.
Neutrality Act of 1937
-This act continued the ban on the sale of arms to warring nations, but introduced the "cash-and-carry" basis on sales of nonmilitary supplies to warring nations.
-Intended to prevent attacks on American ships from dragging the US into war.
Neutrality Act of 1939
-This act relinquished the ban on weapons sales to warring nations, and allowed sales on a cash-and-carry basis only.
-This act was intended to help the Allied cause as much as possible without the US joining the war.
-Laws that took away citizenship of Jews and prevented marriages between Jews and non-Jewish Germans.
-Intended to alienate Jews from Germans and make their lives very difficult.
-Made homosexuality, pedophilia and incest illegal.
-Marked homosexuality as just as bad as sex offenders.
-The persecution and execution of 6 million European Jews by the Nazis. The Hebrew term is "Shoah," or catastrophe.
-This systematic extermination affected families of victims and is still the most deathly genocide to have occurred anywhere to this day.
The Final Solution
-Euphemism used by the Nazis to describe their plan to exterminate all European Jews. Heinrich Himmler created it.
-Because of this, 6 million Jews were killed.
-Dec. 7, 1941. The attack by Japan that resulted in eight battleships, three cruisers, four destroyers, and six other vessels damaged or sunk, 188 airplanes destroyed, 1,178 Americans injured and 2,403 killed. It happened because of the US military's inability to correctly interpret a warning from Washington.
-Led to the US entering WW2
-The campaign for African Americans to achieve a double victory over both Hitler's racism abroad and the racism at home.
-Inspired many African Americans to aspire to create a better society in the United States after the war.
-Roughly 110,000 Japanese men, women, and children were rounded up and put in camps on the West Coast because of the US's fear that they would try to help Japan by providing military secrets and assistance. (in Korematsu v. United States, Fred Korematsu challenged this decision.)
-This was an example of the desperation and wariness the US had at the time of the battles with Japan. Later, the Japanese who were subject to this were compensated and apologized to.
-The day that the Allies invaded France and launched their campaign to win the war. (June 6, 1944.) There were five landing beaches: Gold, Sword, Omaha, Utah, and Juno. It was the largest amphibious landing operation in history to have succeeded.
-Led to the winning of the war by the Allied forces.
-May 8, 1945: the day in Europe when German forces finally surrendered and the Allied forces had succeeded in liberating the people of Europe.
-Led to treaties and unconditional surrender, as well as the division of Germany and Berlin.
-August 14, 1945: the day in Japan when the Japanese forces finally surrendered after months of bloody conflict, and huge losses by both the American and Japanese forces.
-World War 2 was finally completely over, but the aftermath and other things such as reparations were still to be sorted out.
- The code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II in order to force surrender in Japan.
-Eventually produced result of the atomic bomb.
-A secret laboratory in New Mexico working on developing the atomic bomb. There was a team of scientists led by J. Robert Oppenheimer.
-They detonated the world's first atomic bomb on July 16, 1945.
-The atomic bomb was dropped on this city on August 6, 1945. It was the first city to be bombed. The bomb was code-named "Little Boy," and dropped by a B-29 named Enola Gay.
-It destroyed about 63% of the city and caused between 80,000 and 120,000 deaths immediately.
-This city was the second city in Japan to be bombed by the atomic bomb. The bomb was code-named "Fat Man," and killed between 35,000 and 74,000 people.
-The shock of the two bombings and the Soviet Union joining the war caused Japan to surrender, and the war to be over.
-The International Military Tribunal (IMT) created by the US, France, Britain, and the Soviet Union held these trials in ____________, Germany, prosecuting twenty-two Nazi war criminals for their crimes against humanity. Trials of lower-ranking officials and military officers continued until April 1949.
-Three were acquitted, seven were given prison sentences, and the remaining twelve were sentenced to death. Of the trials of the lower-ranking officers, 24 were sentenced to death and 107 were given prison sentences.
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