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Terms in this set (77)
conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel
took most of its inhabitants as exiles
took control of Middle East from assyrians
conquered southern kingdom of Judah
took inhabitants as exiles into Babylonia
took control from babylonians and let exiles including jews go back to native area
The 400 year period between the Old and New Testaments
Persians had control during the beginning of this until Alexander the great from Greece won control on Middle East
Greek culture.. hellenization is spreading that through greek trade and colonization
when Alexander died, his LEADING GENERALS (successors) divided empire into four parts
from diadochi division, two important parts and what they fought after
ptolemaic and Seleucid
fought after Palestine
series of rulers named after alexanders general ptolemy based in ALEXANDRIA (capital) , EGYPT
last ptolemaic ruler
series of rulers named after alexanders general selecsus. based in SYRIA, with Antioch as capital. Antiochus defeated Egypt and came to control Palestine.
jews divided by... and what side where they on?
house of onias (pro Egyptians) and house of Tobias (pro-syrian)
a language used among speakers of different languages for the purposes of trade and commerce
A Greek word meaning "five books," referring to the first five books of the Old Testament.
a translation of the Old Testament from Hebrew into greek
led rebels (jews) in a guerrilla warfare until they were able to defeat Syrians. also triggered pro-hellenistic and anti-hellenistic war.
hasideans split up into...
pharisees and essenes
produced Dead Sea scrolls
king of the jews
Roman Peace but romans conquers Palestine right before New Testament
Jesus born under his reign (roman emperor)
under whom Jesus ministered and died (roman)
ruling while book of revelations wrote
herald the Great
ruled palesine when Jesus was born. had infants slaughtered after Jesus was born. also clever. beautified temple in Jerusalem
sat in judgment of Jesus (roman governor)
how many books in NT and what language
27, and greek
written by humans (Matthew, mark, etc)
anthology of discrete literary compositions
arises from and directed towards religious movements
human response to what is perceived as ultimate power involving mind body feeling
way of life organized around such experiences and convictions concerning ultimate power
entire complex of religious experience and in religious pratice
more jews in syria than Palestine and more in Egypt than Jerusalem
greek predominated. Jesus and jews spoke Aramaic and some Hebrew.
several main roads. however, roads were poor compared to Rome. famous though, Jesus went on this road by the well.
ships were made for transportation and not travel. Egypt was breadbasket. alexderian ships.
papyrus (writing material for all NT), parchment paper if important, leather, wax tablets
good public schooling in Alexandria. also good library. streets had marble paths, lit up. underground sewage and bath houses on top of roof.
cramped. built with brick/concrete. plumbing and heating well developed. atrium (courtyard). toilet. middle class- flats
romans ate 4 meals a day. bread,porrige,lentil soup, goats milk, etc... jews only ate 2 times a day
tunics- shirt like garment
girdle- worn around waist, sandals on feet, scarf on head.
use other peoples teeth
perfume, makeup, jewelry, lavish, lipstick, razors, wigs.
middle class did not exist. either wealthy or slave. Jewish society was less stratified and more integrated.
jewish- tax collectors. hated.
the basic unit of society
man more significant. women couldn't divorce but man could. taxed if you have less kids
marriage within a family
honor and shame
shame- concern for ones honor
honor- public recognition of ones status in society
boasting was normal
one determined largely by others rather than highly individualistic
slave girls, sexual theatre shows, violence gladiator shows, mock naval battle.
science and meds
surgery well developed but not anesthesia
Eratosthenes- earth is round
imposed on all, those who commit crimes.
greeks god and capital
had access to earth through their capital mount Olympus in Greece. zeus- hierarchy of God
poseidon- ruled sea
in greece, a temple of Apollo (son of zeus) that issued fumes thought to be his breath.
pagan people simply combine various religious beliefs and superstitious practices
contrast bw invisible world of ideas and visible world of matter (greek word knowledge)
mediator between God and Men. emperor worship
taught dutiful acceptance or ones fate as determined by an impersonal reason that rules universe
regarded supreme virtue as simple, unconventional life in rejection of the popular pursuits of comfort, affluence, prestige.
abandoned belief in anything absolute and succumbed to doubt and conformity.
-oringinated during exile
-consisted of prayer, psalms,readings
scrolls and furniture
for religious worship
where Dead Sea scrolls were found in caves
Hillel and Shammai
two of the moderate school that practiced rabbinic interpretation
originated after Maccabea revolt
made up biggest majority of jewish religion
greek or pagan hierarchy of Gods
high ranking priest and artisocrats
loose upscale and centered in Jerusalem
most strict most socially separated jewish religious sect
-teacher of righteousness (a leader who exterted profound influncence on their beliefs and practices but hardly occupied. position of divine & redemption to Jesus
carried concealed daggers, overthrow roman power, gorilla warfare,
outside Palestine, fell into two groups. hebraists (keep judiastic faith and culture) and hellenists (adopted greek)
jewish philosopher and resident of Alexandria who was an example of hellenist because he combined Judaism and greek philosophy.
bears similarities with eastern religion
rituals and practices
dying and rising Gods
jews sought after because only ones who could use the name and pronounce it
unwritten, recorded outside four gospels but not within.
life of Jesus
Matthew mark luke john
writing secretary which resulted in textual and stylistic variations
all capital letters
small cursive letters
excersive of determining the OG wording of the NT. oldest,carefully copied. authors style and theology. most difficult. shorter read.
authorship by an apostle or by associate
determining the historical circumstances of the NT books
determining the use of earlier materials
determining the oral tradition prior to writing
reader response criticism
determining the ways readers understand the text regardless of what the author intended