Concepts of profession nursing quiz #2 (values and beliefs)

A mental representation of reality
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are ideas derived from a person's first-order beliefs, using either inductive or deductive reasoninghigher-order beliefsare treated as if they are always true, they are called stereotypes. "People from Country X tend to have an indirect style of communication."generalizationsa conceptualized depiction of a person, a group, or an event that is thought to be typical of all others in that category. "Participants from Country Y are good students" "people from Country X are rude"stereotypeis a preformed opinion, usually an unfavorable one, about an entire group of people that is based on insufficient knowledge, irrational feelings, or inaccurate stereotypes.prejudice(generalization or stereotype?) People from country X are closed to outsiders; they only do business among themselves.stereotype(generalization or stereotype?) Trust is important in the Country X community; to do business, you first need to build relationshipsgeneralization- helps the person choose between alternatives, resolve values conflicts, and make decisions. - Each individual possesses a relatively small number of values and may share the same values with others, but to different degrees.values systemoccurs when a person's values are inconsistent with his or her behaviors or when the person's values are not consistent with the choices that are available. values clarification may be helpful.values conflictwhat are the three steps to values clarification?1. reflect 2. clarify 3. prioritizea process used to help people reflect on, clarify, and prioritize personal values to increase self-awareness or to make decisions.values clarificationprocess to better identify their own personal values in challenging care situations. (nurses must be aware of the potential influence of their professional nursing role on patient decision making.)values clarificationwhat are the three nursing theories of caring? who founded each of them?1. cultural care theory -> Madeline Leininger 2. middle range theory of caring -> Kristen Swanson 3. the philosophy and science of caring -> Jean WatsonControlling behaviors exhibited by nurses that prevent patients from healing and moving toward which have concern or regard for that which affects the welfare of another.caringwhat are the five most important caring behaviors (per the patients)?1. Respecting confidentiality 2. Treating pain 3. Speaking in a soft and gentle voice 4. Being honest 5. Encouraging the patient to call if there was a problemwhat are the seven dimensions of caring identified as being universal by nurses from around the world?1. Caring 2. Compassion 3. Spirituality 4. Community outreach 5. Providing comfort 6. Crisis intervention 7. "Going the extra distance"what are four behaviors that demonstrate caring in nursing?1. Presence 2. Consistency and Predictability 3. Listening 4. Touchwhat are Benner's five stages of nursing proficiency?1. novice 2. beginner 3. competent 4. proficient 5. expertwhich one of Benner's five stages is described as having no professional background experience?novicewhich one of Benner's five stages is described as can note recurrent meaningful situational components, but not prioritize between them?beginnerwhich one of Benner's five stages is described as beginning to understand actions in terms of long-range goals?competentwhich one of Benner's five stages is described as perceiving situations as wholes, rather in terms of aspects?proficientwhich one of Benner's five stages is described as having intuitive grasp of the situation and zeros in on the accurate region of the problem?expert