19 terms

Community Health: chapter 3, the u.s. health and public health care systems

primary care
the providing of integrated, accessible health care services by clinician who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community
primary health care (PHC)
a combination of primary care and public health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in a community ,with their full participation and provided at a cost that the community and county can afford
public health
organized community efforts designed to prevent disease and promote health . It links disciplines, builds on the science of epidemiology and focuses on the community
root cause analysis
a technique for identifying prevention of error strategies and developing a culture of safety
U.S. department of health and human services
the federal agency most heavily involved in health and welfare
primary care generalists include
family physicians, general internists, general pediatricians, nurse practioners, clinical nurse specialists, physicain assitants, and certified nurse midwives
advanced practice nursing (APN)
NPs, CNS, and CNMs
experts in public health, mental health, gerontology, cardiac and cancer care-- many provide primary care-- they may work in consultation, research, education, and administration.
u.s. department of health and human services
most often involved withthehealth and welfare concerns of u.s. citizens
national health service corps
provide care to residents of medically underserved areas
National Institutes of Health
worlds premier medical research organization
Center for disease control adn prevnetion has two jobs
to protect lives and improve health
CDC- 2 goals
prepsre for terrorist health threats and at the same time protecect the health and quality of life across the US
Department of homeland security
mission is to prevent and teter terrorist attacks adn protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation. goals include awareness, prevention, protection, response, and recovery
developed the community emergency response team ( CERT)
department of homeland security
department of agriculture
WIC,, school breakfast and lunch programs, grants to states for nutrition education training, food stamps, plant product and animal inspections
department of commerce
takes a census every 10 years
department of labor
occupation and mine safety and health administration departments.
state nursing practice act--each state must have what
an examiners board made up of nurses and consuemrs/ they license and exam practicing nurses, approve schools of nursing, revoke licenses exc.