History 2220 Exam 2
Terms in this set (30)
German theologian who led the Reformation
justification by faith alone
salvation is the only way to heaven
religious reformer who believed in predestination and a strict sense of morality for society
man is sinful by nature
The Tudor Dynasty
dynasty that ruled England as a result of the War of the Roses
first Tudor king of England from 1485 to 1509
Church of England
split church up because he could not get a divorce
Holy Roman Emporer that sentenced Luther to jail
Daughter of Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII
Act of Supremacy
declaired herself "supreme governor " of English Church
Thirty-Nine Articles of Faith
The Spanish Armada
large victory for Napoleon
Stuart monarch who ignored constitutional principles and asserted the divine right of kings.
English mathematician and scientist- invented differential calculus and formulated the theory of universal gravitation, a theory about the nature of light, and three laws of motion. was supposedly inspired by the sight of a falling apple.
son of James I who was King of England and Scotland and Ireland
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Toussaint l'Ouverture led this uprising, which in 1790 resulted in the successful overthrow of French colonial rule on this Caribbean island. This revolution set up the first black government in the Western Hemisphere and the world's second democratic republic (after the US). The US was reluctant to give full support to this republic led by former slaves.
The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans
(1694-1778) French philosopher. He believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government. He also spoke out against the corruption of the French government, and the intolerance of the Catholic Church.
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions.
A radical Enlightenment thinker who published The Social Contract, which asserted that the will of the people was sacred and that the legitimacy of monarchs depended on the consent of the people. He envisioned people acting collectively as a result of shared historical experience.
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for women's equality with men, even in voting, in her 1792 "Vindication of the Rights of Women."
1789-1799. Period of political and social upheaval in France, during which the French government underwent structural changes, and adopted ideals based on Enlightenment principles of nationalism, citizenship, and inalienable rights. Changes were accompanied by violent turmoil and executions.
The American Revolution
the revolution of the American colonies against Great Britain
Reign of Terror
(1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed for "disloyalty"
Overthrew the French revolutionary government (The Directory) in 1799 and became emperor of France in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile.
The Congress of Vienna
Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order after the defeat of Napoleon
monarchy, aristocracy, and church was guarantee of political stability
nobility as rightful leaders
change is slow
revival of religion
A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes.
everything is determined by economic factors
expanded franchise and democratic participation in politics
response to radical industrialisation
intensification of labor for working classes and social class
principles of cooperation, profitability
influenced by hegel's philosophy
history and conflict
capitalism would dig its own grave
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
DRRR - fire hazards
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
exam 3 geography
Modern Western Civilization: Exam 1
Music Appreciation Final Exam
Romantic Era - Music Appreciation