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organized campaigns of violence against Jews permitted by Russian government officials; spread the persecution of Jews


people who wanted to preserve the country for white, American protestants


process of holding on to older traditions while adapting to a new culture

Ellis Island

Inspection station for immigrants arriving on the East Coast


housing which were poorly built and overcrowded by immigrants


movement of population from farms to cities


tall buildings with many floors supported by a lightweight steel frame

Chinese Exclusion Act

(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.


a variety show with songs and comic acts etc.

Scott Joplin

United States composer who was the first creator of ragtime to write down his compositions (1868-1917)

Education Reform

a plan/movement aimed to bring about systematic change in educational practices

Yellow Journalism

Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers

Dime Novels

inexpensive fiction, popular in the 1860s, that sold for 10 cents; also called pulp novels

Statue of Liberty

A large statue symbolizing hope and freedom on Liberty Island in New York Harbor

Push and Pull Factors

push factors were reasons why people left heir homes, The pull factors were the reasons that they moved to the west. (immigrants)

Horation Alger

Wrote 10 cent "dime" novels about the American dream.


Young Men's Christian Association, Spiritual organization meant to provide healthy activities for young workers in the cities.

Hull House

Settlement home designed as a welfare agency for needy families. It provided social and educational opportunities for working class people in the neighborhood as well as improving some of the conditions caused by poverty.

Building codes

Standards for construction and safety of buildings


Organization founded in Baltimore in 1854 to provide community services to Jewish Communities

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