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20 terms

Chapter 21 Immigration/New Urban Culture

STUDY
PLAY
Pogroms
organized campaigns of violence against Jews permitted by Russian government officials; spread the persecution of Jews
Nativists
people who wanted to preserve the country for white, American protestants
Acculturation
process of holding on to older traditions while adapting to a new culture
Ellis Island
Inspection station for immigrants arriving on the East Coast
Tenements
housing which were poorly built and overcrowded by immigrants
Urbanization
movement of population from farms to cities
Skyscrapers
tall buildings with many floors supported by a lightweight steel frame
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
Vaudeville
a variety show with songs and comic acts etc.
Scott Joplin
United States composer who was the first creator of ragtime to write down his compositions (1868-1917)
Education Reform
a plan/movement aimed to bring about systematic change in educational practices
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Dime Novels
inexpensive fiction, popular in the 1860s, that sold for 10 cents; also called pulp novels
Statue of Liberty
A large statue symbolizing hope and freedom on Liberty Island in New York Harbor
Push and Pull Factors
push factors were reasons why people left heir homes, The pull factors were the reasons that they moved to the west. (immigrants)
Horation Alger
Wrote 10 cent "dime" novels about the American dream.
YMCA
Young Men's Christian Association, Spiritual organization meant to provide healthy activities for young workers in the cities.
Hull House
Settlement home designed as a welfare agency for needy families. It provided social and educational opportunities for working class people in the neighborhood as well as improving some of the conditions caused by poverty.
Building codes
Standards for construction and safety of buildings
YMHA
Organization founded in Baltimore in 1854 to provide community services to Jewish Communities