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20 terms

Foundations of American Government

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King George
King of England during the war and passed the acts that were the causes of the Revolution
Stamp Acts
: The people of England felt that the colonists weren't paying their dues still. So Parliament passed the stamp act of 1765. The law obliged Americans to purchase and use specially marked or stamped paper for newspapers, customs documents, wills, contracts, and other public legal documents.
Boston Tea party
protest against increased tea prices in which colonists dumped british tea into boston harbor
Intolerable Acts
The laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 that closed Boston Harbor, dissolved the Massachusetts assembly, and forced Boston colonists to house British soldiers.
First Continental Congress
The assembly of colonial delegates from every colony except Georgia that met in 1774 in Philadelphia to oppose the Intolerable Acts.
Second Continental Congress
a governing body whose delegates agreed, in May 1775, to form the Continental Army and to approve the Declaration of Independence
John Hancock
1737-1793. Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
George Washington
Military commander of the American Revolution. He was the first elected president of the United States (1789-1799).
Declaration of Independence
Written by Thomas Jefferson. Declared that the colonies officially wanted to seperate from Britain. Listed the wrongs done by the king.
Thomas Jefferson
author of the Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
a weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War
Constitutional Convention
A meeting of delegates in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation, which produced a totally new constitution still in use today.
Virginia Plan
Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
New Jersey Plan
New Jersey delegate William Paterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress
Conneticut Compromise
senate will have equal representation from all states and house reps will be based on population
3/5ths Compromise
an agreement at the Constitutional Convention to count a slave as three-fifths of a person when determining the population of a State
Interstate Commerce
commerce between two or more states which can be regulated by the federal government.
Slave Trade
The business of capturing, transporting, and selling people as slaves
Federalist
one who favored ratification of the U.S. Constitution in the 1780s; a member of the Federalist party, which believed in a strong national government
Anti Federalist
an individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constitution in 1787. The Anti-Federalists were opposed to a strong central government.