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First step of Scientific Inquiry
Do Background Research
second step of scientific inquiry
Make a Hypothesis
Third step of Scientific Inquiry
Test Your Hypothesis with an Experiment
fourth step of scientific inquiry
Analyze results
Fifth step of scientific inquiry
Make a Conclusion about your hypothesis
6th step of scientific inquiry
Share Results
seventh step of scientific inquiry
If your hypothesis is false
Make a new hypothesis and start again
science
A way of learning about the natural world
observing
using one or more of your senses to gather information
qualitative observation
deals with descriptions that cannot be expressed in numbers
quantitative observation
An observation that deals with a number or amount
Inferring
when you explain or interpret the things you observe
predicting
Making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on past experience or evidence
classifying
The process of grouping together items that are alike in some way.
evaluating
Comparing observations and data to reach a conclusion about them
making models
creating representations of complex objects or processes
attitudes of a scientist
curiosity, honesty, open-mindedness, skepticism, creativity
scientific inquiry
The diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on evidence they gather.
scientific theory
A well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or experimental results.
scientific law
A statement that describes what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions
metric system
a system of measurement based on the number 10
SI
International System of Units
SI prefixes
kilo (1000), hecto- (100), deca- (10), Base unit (1), deci(.1), centi(.01), milli (.001)
SI unit of length
meter (m)
mass
the amount of matter in an object
Weight
the force of gravity on an object, Newton
Volume
The amount of space an object takes up
SI unit for volume of a liquid
liter (L)
SI unit for volume of a solid
cm3
The SI unit for mass is the
gram
length
Distance between two points
density
The measurement of how much mass is contained in a given volume
SI unit for Density of a LIQUID
g/mL
SI unit for Density of a solid
g/cm3
Temperature
A measure of how hot or cold something is.
SI unit for temperature
Kelvin (K)
King Henry Died Drinking Chocolate Milk
Saying for SI Prefixes
SI unit for time
second
Data Table
a way to organize data in columns and rows so it is neat and readable
graph
a picture of your data
Bar Graph, Line Graph, Circle Graph
three types of graphs
Bar Graph
A graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to display data
circle graph
A graph of data where the catagories are cut into "pieces"
Line Graph
An axis-type graph in which data points are joined by a line. (shows a relationship)
Linear Graph
a graph in which the displayed data form a straight line
nonlinear graph
a line graph in which the data points do not fall along a straight line
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