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ACSM Standards of Facility Design
Terms in this set (21)
What is a standard?
minimum requirements ACSM believes facility must meet to provide a relatively safe environment for PA and programs
Why should we follow standards in design and contruction?
1. Quality: These standards are in place for a reason because they improve quality and standard of care
2. Safety: it is for everyone's best interests to follow standards to keep people safe.
3. Legal: if you don't follow the standards, it leaves you open to liability. Need to achieve standard of care so there are no lawsuits. Compliant with local, state and federal laws.
4. Investors: want to know their money is going to a good cause that won't be shut down bc you didn't follow the standards.
5. Consumers: want to know you are a compliant business; doesn't look good if not up to snuff with the standards
What is a guideline?
They are recommendations ACSM believes health and fitness operators should consider using to improve quality of experience they provide to users
What are the standards ACSM has set?
1. Pre-screening guidelines
2. Orientation/education and supervision standards
3. emergency standards
4. Professional Staff and independent contractor standards
5. health/fitness facility operating practices standards
6. facility design/construction standards
What does ACSM about pre-activity screenings?
ACSM requires there be a pre-activity screening that looks at clients potential risk factors such as physical activity, medical and family history that is then interpreted by qualified fitness professional. Depending on results, may need recommendation or follow-up with physician. If client refuses to do screening, they must sign a waiver saying they understand if anything happens during their visit, facility is not liable. If they refuse to sign the waiver, facility can refuse participation under the law
What are the orientation/education and supervision standards?
1. after new member has done the pre-activity screening, they need to participate in an orientation
2. Facility should offer assistance and guidance to help people with their PA program such as personal trainers or group fitness instructors.
3. Staffed facilities should have fitness staff to monitor fitness floor`
What are the emergency standards?
1. Needs to be a written emergency policy and procedures. This should be reviewed regularly and rehearsed twice annually. These procedures should detail how staff should respond to emergency events in timely and appropriate manner
2. Safety audit should take place to reduce or eliminate hazards
3. should be a plan regarding handlin of hazardous materials and bodily fluids
4. PAD program
What is the PAD?
Public Access Defibrillation Program
1. Chain of survival to get AED, administer shock if necessary, activate EMS, CPR and AED use
2. response time from collapse to defib with AED should be under 4 minutes
3. an MD should prescribe and manage the AED
4. Staff trained and certified
Professional staff and independent standards
1. Health/fitness professionals who have supervisory responsibility within facility should have corresponding education level, work experience, and certifications
2. Health professionals who serve in counseling, instruction, and PA supervision roels for facility shall have an appropriate level of pro. education, work experience and certificaiton
3. A facility must be able to respond in a timely manner to a foreseeable emergency
What are the health/fitness facility operating practices standards?
1. Facilities should have manual or technological management of all members and participants
2. facilities with sauna, steam room, pool need tech monitoring system to ensure these areas have proper temp and humidity level. Also need proper wanring system in place
3. child care standards
What are the child care standards?
1. Facility that offers youth services or programs should comply with all laws to their supervision
2. when a child is under supervision of staff and facility, should have basic access to child's medical info
3. Parents need to sign waiver in case of medical emergency involving said child
4. Need legal authorization regarding who is allowed to pick sai child up. Proper sign in procedures as well
5. Procedures for staff ratios, restroom practices, food, age limits, parental presence
What are the facility design/construction standards?
1. Must be compliant with the ADA (american disability act)
2. must be compliant with the law
What does the ADA say about facility design?
1. Elevation changes of .5 inches must have ramp with 12 inches in slope
2. passage 36 inches wide
3. height of switches reached by wheelchair
4. signage viewed by visually impaired
5. clear floor spaced
What are some facility design considerations?
# of members/athletes
hours of operation
uses of facility
number of staff
activities happening within space
traffic flow/emergency areas
What are some considerations regarding space allocation?
What is the available square footage?
Can it be multipurpose or is the equipement fixed?
# of people that can be seen depends on number of tables or amount of equipment
What are some general design considerations?
what type of flooring?
What are some specialty areas to consider allocating space to?
machine vs. free weight area
describe the two different types of health and fitness facilities and provide characteristics of each
1. Multipurpose facility: offers both fitness and one or more recreational spaces (racquet ball, pool, spa). About 40,000-100,000 square feet
2. Fitness only facility: space specifically for pursuit of fitness facilities. CV equipment, free weight area, group ex studios, locker room and reception area
What range of foot candle light is best to see skin color and facal expressions?
50-100 foot candles
What is a good height for ceilings?
How many square feet should be allowed per person around equipment and spotters?
3 sq feet
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Health and medical insurance
Activity screening and medical records
Healthcare Delivery System
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