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40 terms

ST 103 Week 4 Vocab

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Muscle Flap
Donor tissue involves muscle and its proximal blood supply.
Blepharoplasty
Aesthetic procedure to remove excess skin and protruding periorbital fat of the upper and lower eyelids.
Bone curettes
Used to shape bone.
Chemical
Resulting from contact with corrosive or irritating acids or alkaline.
Augmentation mammoplasty
Insertion of a breast prosthesis to enlarge or form the breast mound.
Cheiloplasty
Closure of a cleft lip.
Radiation
Resulting from overexposure to radiant energy such as from radium, x-rays, nuclear explosions and sunlight.
Rhytidectomy
Aesthetic procedure to remove excess skin from the face and neck area and tighten underlying support structures, such as muscle and superficial fascia; also called a face lift.
Homograft
Graft of tissue taken from a donor of the same species as the recipient.
Heterograft (xenograft)
Graft of tissue taken from a donor of one species and grafted onto a recipient of another species.
Repair of maxillary fracture
Correction of malocclusion and facial deformity by intermaxillary fixation with arch bars and open or closed reduction of the fractured maxilla depending upon the severity.
Reconstruction for microtia
Series of reconstructive procedures to insert an artificial ear implant or graft of patient's costal cartilage to correct the congenital absence of an ear.
Mentoplasty
Aesthetic procedure to reshape the chin by removing part of the manible or by augmenting with bone or cartilage grafts or artificial implants for abnormally small jaws.
Auto graft
Graft of tissue taken from another part of patient's body.
Implants and protheses
Used to replace diseased, injured, or missing body parts such as organs, limbs, joints, and tendons or to augment body parts such as breasts or chins.
Otoplasty
Aesthetic or reconstructive procedure to correct congenital deformities of lop ears or excessively large ears or for traumatic injury to one or both ears.
Dermabrader
Used to remove acne scars, birthmarks, tattoos, and fine wrinkles on the epidermis.
Thermal
Resulting from contact with fire, hot objects, or hot fluids.
Liposuction curettes and liposuction vacuum machine
Used to remove fat and reshape various areas of the body.
Electrical
Resulting from overexposure to electricity.
Palatoplasty
Closure of cleft palate.
Soft tissue augmentation
Aesthetic procedure involving the extraction of the patient's own fat cells or bovine dermal collagen and injection to fill soft tissue to effect or to smooth out wrinkles.
Caliper
Used for making precision measurements.
Rhinoplasty
Reconstruction of the nose for aesthetic purposes or to repair damage done by trauma or removal of neoplasms.
Skin hook
Used to retract dermis and provide exposure to underlying structures; may have single or double prongs.
Debridement of burns
Removal of necrotic tissue (eschar) to be followed by skin grafting.
Alloplasty
Plastic surgery with non-human tissue.
Liposuction
Removal of fat deposits by use of a blunt, hollow, metal cannula connected to negative pressure suction.
Debridement
Removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound.
Scar revision
Rearranging or reshaping an existing scar to improve its appearance.
Prognathia
Projection of jaws beyond projection of forehead.
Lipectomies
Excision of excessive fat and redundant skin from various areas of the body such as the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, and upper arms.
Dermabrasion
Physical sanding of the skin with a dermabrader to remove embedded dirt or tattoos, improve acne scars or lessen elevated scars.
Donor site
The area of the body used as a source for grafts.
Microtia
Unusually small size or absence of the external ear(s).
Epidermis
Outer, nonsensitive, nonvascular layer of the skin.
Reconstructive mammoplasty
Post-mastectomy reconstruction of breast contour.
Lop ears
Congenital deformity in which the ears protude abnormally from the side of the head.
Erythemia
A small spot or area of the skin showing diffused redness.
Plastic hand surgery
Restoration of hand function to correct injuries or deformities, usually involving microsurgery of nerves and vessels.