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US History A - Unit 1
Terms in this set (18)
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China
First people of an area who have been conquered or dominated by others who came later
Spanish conquerors who came to the New World in search of gold and wealth - conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru.
First permanent English settlement; located in Virginia. Tobacco saved this settlement.
English Puritans who founded Plymouth colony in 1620
Puritan governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Wanted to create a "City upon a hill" - a society for the world to imitate.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
King Phillip's War
War that ended most Indian resistance in New England - between the settlers and the Wampanoags.
Headrights were parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America.
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
1676 - Nathaniel Bacon, western Virginia settlers, and freed slaves were angry at Virginia Governor over lack of land and fear of Native American attacks. They marched on Jamestown and burned the city. The rebellion ended suddenly when Bacon died of an illness.
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials like tobacco to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
New England Colonies
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire; Came in family groups often for religious reasons. Economy based on lumber, shipbuilding, and small farms.
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware; Grew grains "breadbasket" colonies; Religious tolerance and diversity.
Made money by having slaves grow cash crops on plantations due to rich soil and warm climate. Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
Reasons for European Exploration
God, Glory, Gold
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