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27 terms

Anatomy- brain

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primary motor area
allows us to consciously move our skeletal muscles
broca's area (speech area)
specialized area that is very involved in our ability to speak
language comprehension
where we store word meanings
gustatory area
allows us to recognize taste
visual area
tells us what we see
auditory area
allows us to understand sounds we hear
hypothalamus
the region of the diencephalon forming the floor of the third ventricle of the brain, brain structure that acts as a control center for recognition and analysis of hunger, thirst, fatigue, anger, and body temperature
pituitary gland
the neuroendocrine gland located beneath the brain that serves a variety of functions including regulation of the glands, thyroid, adrenal cortex, water balance and lacation
mammillary gland
reflex centers involved olfaction (sense of smell)
pons
the brain area connecting the medulla with the midbrain providing linkage between upper and lower levels of the central nervous system, part of hindbrain that connects the cerebral cortex with cerebellum
medulla oblongata
it contains centers that control heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, swollowing and vomitting- merges into spinal cord
cerebellum
part of the hindbrain, involved in producing smoothly coordinated skeletal muscle activity
occipital lobe
controls sense of vision, located in back of brain
cerebrum
upper part of brain, coordinates thoughts, memory and learned behaviors.
cerebellum
lower part of brain, helps control balance and coordinate voluntary muscle activity
brain stem
connects to spinal cord, controls involuntary muscles and activities of the autonomic nervous system
parietal lobe
located behind frontal lobe, allows you to feel temperature, pressure, pain
medulla oblongata
lowest part of brain stem, monitors and regulates heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, swallowing
limbic system
collective group of brain structures involved in coordinating the activity of different parts of the brain, regulates emotion and desire.
cerebral cortex
outer layer of cerebrum, consist mainly of nerve cell bodies
frontal lobes
front portion associated with personality, judgement, and self control. back portion controls voluntary movement of the skeletal muscles.
cerebral lobes
consist of frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes
midbrain
above the pons, help coordinates movement of both eyes, adjust size of pupils and operates lens muscles for eye focus
pons
just above medulla oblongata, assists in regulating breathing, helps coordinate some eye movement, and facial expressions
thalamus
uppermost end of brain stem, sends signals from reticular formation and sensory impulses from parts of body to cerebral cortex
hypothalamus
the control unit for the body's automatic systems
termporal lobes
located on either side of brain, associated with hearing, taste, smell