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primary motor area

allows us to consciously move our skeletal muscles

broca's area (speech area)

specialized area that is very involved in our ability to speak

language comprehension

where we store word meanings

gustatory area

allows us to recognize taste

visual area

tells us what we see

auditory area

allows us to understand sounds we hear


the region of the diencephalon forming the floor of the third ventricle of the brain, brain structure that acts as a control center for recognition and analysis of hunger, thirst, fatigue, anger, and body temperature

pituitary gland

the neuroendocrine gland located beneath the brain that serves a variety of functions including regulation of the glands, thyroid, adrenal cortex, water balance and lacation

mammillary gland

reflex centers involved olfaction (sense of smell)


the brain area connecting the medulla with the midbrain providing linkage between upper and lower levels of the central nervous system, part of hindbrain that connects the cerebral cortex with cerebellum

medulla oblongata

it contains centers that control heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, swollowing and vomitting- merges into spinal cord


part of the hindbrain, involved in producing smoothly coordinated skeletal muscle activity

occipital lobe

controls sense of vision, located in back of brain


upper part of brain, coordinates thoughts, memory and learned behaviors.


lower part of brain, helps control balance and coordinate voluntary muscle activity

brain stem

connects to spinal cord, controls involuntary muscles and activities of the autonomic nervous system

parietal lobe

located behind frontal lobe, allows you to feel temperature, pressure, pain

medulla oblongata

lowest part of brain stem, monitors and regulates heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, swallowing

limbic system

collective group of brain structures involved in coordinating the activity of different parts of the brain, regulates emotion and desire.

cerebral cortex

outer layer of cerebrum, consist mainly of nerve cell bodies

frontal lobes

front portion associated with personality, judgement, and self control. back portion controls voluntary movement of the skeletal muscles.

cerebral lobes

consist of frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes


above the pons, help coordinates movement of both eyes, adjust size of pupils and operates lens muscles for eye focus


just above medulla oblongata, assists in regulating breathing, helps coordinate some eye movement, and facial expressions


uppermost end of brain stem, sends signals from reticular formation and sensory impulses from parts of body to cerebral cortex


the control unit for the body's automatic systems

termporal lobes

located on either side of brain, associated with hearing, taste, smell

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