What is the supreme law of the land?
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Terms in this set (100)
What is the economic system in the United States?▪ capitalist economy ▪ market economyWhat is the "rule of law"?▪ Everyone must follow the law. ▪ Leaders must obey the law. ▪ Government must obey the law. ▪ No one is above the law.Name one branch or part of the government.▪ Congress ▪ legislative ▪ President ▪ executive ▪ the courts ▪ judicialWhat stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?▪ checks and balances ▪ separation of powersWho is in charge of the executive branch?presidentWho makes federal laws?▪ Congress ▪ Senate and House (of Representatives) ▪ (U.S. or national) legislatureWhat are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?he Senate and House (of Representatives)How many U.S. Senators are there?100We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?6Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators now?Mike LeeThe House of Representatives has how many voting members?435We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?2Name your U.S. Representative.Chris StewartWho does a U.S. Senator represent?all the people in their stateWhy do some states have more Representatives than other states?▪ (because of) the state's population ▪ (because) they have more people ▪ (because) some states have more peopleWe elect a President for how many years?4In what month do we vote for President?NovemberWhat is the name of the President of the United States now?Barack ObamaWhat is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?Joe Bidenf the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?Vice Presidentf both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?the Speaker of the HouseWho is the Commander in Chief of the military?PresidentWho signs bills to become laws?PresidentWho vetoes bills?PresidentWhat does the President's Cabinet do?advises the PresidentWhat are Cabinet-level positions?▪ Secretary of Agriculture ▪ Secretary of Commerce ▪ Secretary of Defense ▪ Secretary of Education ▪ Secretary of Energy ▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services ▪ Secretary of Homeland Security ▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development ▪ Secretary of the Interior ▪ Secretary of Labor ▪ Secretary of State ▪ Secretary of Transportation ▪ Secretary of the Treasury ▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs ▪ Attorney General ▪ Vice PresidentWhat does the judicial branch do?▪ reviews laws ▪ explains laws ▪ resolves disputes (disagreements) ▪ decides if a law goes against the ConstitutionWhat is the highest court in the United States?Supreme CourtHow many justices are on the Supreme Court?9Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?John RobertsUnder our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?▪ to print money ▪ to declare war ▪ to create an army ▪ to make treatiesUnder our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?▪ provide schooling and education ▪ provide protection (police) ▪ provide safety (fire departments) ▪ give a driver's license ▪ approve zoning and land useWho is the Governor of your state now?Gary HerbertWhat is the capital of your state?Salt Lake CityWhat are the two major political parties in the United States?Democratic and RepublicanWhat is the political party of the President now?DemocraticWhat is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?(John) BoehnerThere are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.▪ Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote). ▪ You don't have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. ▪ Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) ▪ A male citizen of any race (can vote).What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?▪ serve on a jury ▪ vote in a federal electionName one right only for United States citizens.▪ vote in a federal election ▪ run for federal officeWhat are two rights of everyone living in the United States?▪ freedom of expression ▪ freedom of speech ▪ freedom of assembly ▪ freedom to petition the government ▪ freedom of worship ▪ the right to bear armsWhat do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?the flagWhat is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?▪ give up loyalty to other countries ▪ defend the Constitution and laws of the United States ▪ obey the laws of the United States ▪ serve in the U.S. military (if needed) ▪ serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) ▪ be loyal to the United StatesHow old do citizens have to be to vote for President?18What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?▪ vote ▪ join a political party ▪ help with a campaign ▪ join a civic group ▪ join a community group ▪ give an elected official your opinion on an issue ▪ call Senators and Representatives ▪ publicly support or oppose an issue or policy ▪ run for office ▪ write to a newspaperWhen is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?April 15When must all men register for the Selective Service?18-26What is one reason colonists came to America?▪ freedom ▪ political liberty ▪ religious freedom ▪ economic opportunity ▪ practice their religion ▪ escape persecutionWho lived in America before the Europeans arrived?IndiansWhat group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?AfricansWhy did the colonists fight the British?▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation) ▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering) ▪ because they didn't have self-governmentWho wrote the Declaration of Independence?Thomas JeffersonWhen was the Declaration of Independence adopted?July 4, 1776There were 13 original colonies.▪ New Hampshire ▪ Massachusetts ▪ Rhode Island ▪ Connecticut ▪ New York ▪ New Jersey ▪ Pennsylvania ▪ Delaware ▪ Maryland ▪ Virginia ▪ North Carolina ▪ South Carolina ▪ GeorgiaWhat happened at the Constitutional Convention?▪ The Constitution was written. ▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.When was the Constitution written?1787The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.▪ (James) Madison ▪ (Alexander) Hamilton ▪ (John) Jay ▪ PubliusWhat is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?▪ U.S. diplomat ▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention ▪ first Postmaster General of the United States ▪ writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac" ▪ started the first free librariesWho is the "Father of Our Country"?George WashingtonWho was the first president?George WashingtonWhat territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?LouisianaName one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.▪ War of 1812 ▪ Mexican-American War ▪ Civil War ▪ Spanish-American WarName the U.S. war between the North and the South.the civil warName one problem that led to the Civil War.▪ slavery ▪ economic reasons ▪ states'rightsWhat was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) ▪ saved (or preserved) the Union ▪ led the United States during the Civil WarWhat did the Emancipation Proclamation do?▪ freed the slaves ▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy ▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states ▪ freed slaves in most Southern statesWhat did Susan B. Anthony do?▪ fought for women's rights ▪ fought for civil rightsName one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.▪ World War I ▪ World War II ▪ Korean War ▪ Vietnam War ▪ (Persian) Gulf WarWho was President during World War I?(Woodrow) WilsonWho was President during the Great Depression and World War II?FDRWho did the United States fight in World War II?Japan, Germany, and ItalyBefore he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?WWIIDuring the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?COMMUNISMWhat movement tried to end racial discrimination?civil rights movementWhat did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?▪ fought for civil rights ▪ worked for equality for all AmericansWhat major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?The terrorist attacks on the pentagon and the twin towersName one American Indian tribe in the United States.▪ Cherokee ▪ Navajo ▪ Sioux ▪ Chippewa ▪ Choctaw ▪ Pueblo ▪ Apache ▪ Iroquois ▪ Creek ▪ Blackfeet ▪ Seminole ▪ Cheyenne ▪ Arawak ▪ Shawnee ▪ Mohegan ▪ Huron ▪ Oneida ▪ Lakota ▪ Crow ▪ Teton ▪ Hopi ▪ InuitName one of the two longest rivers in the United States.▪ Missouri (River) ▪ Mississippi (River)What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?PacificWhat ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?AtlanticName one U.S. territory.▪ Puerto Rico ▪ U.S. Virgin Islands ▪ American Samoa ▪ Northern Mariana Islands ▪ GuamName one state that borders Canada.▪ Maine ▪ New Hampshire ▪ Vermont ▪ New York ▪ Pennsylvania ▪ Ohio ▪ Michigan ▪ Minnesota ▪ North Dakota ▪ Montana ▪ Idaho ▪ Washington ▪ AlaskaName one state that borders Mexico.▪ California ▪ Arizona ▪ New Mexico ▪ TexasWhat is the capital of the United States?Washington, DCWhere is the Statue of Liberty?NYCWhy does the flag have 13 stripes?▪ because there were 13 original colonies ▪ because the stripes represent the original coloniesWhy does the flag have 50 stars?▪ because there is one star for each state ▪ because each star represents a state ▪ because there are 50 statesWhat is the name of the national anthem?Star Spangled BannerWhen do we celebrate Independence Day?July 4Name two national U.S. holidays▪ New Year's Day ▪ Martin Luther King, Jr. Day ▪ Presidents'Day ▪ Memorial Day ▪ Independence Day ▪ Labor Day ▪ Columbus Day ▪ Veterans Day ▪ Thanksgiving ▪ Christmas