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Art History 112 Final

Terms in this set (60)

Author: Clement Greenberg
Year: 1939
- "the same themes are mechanically varied in a hundred different works, and yet nothing new is produced"-sees pattern of people reproducing the same things
-avant-garde breaks cycle
-bold development of scientific revolutionary thought in europe- the enlightenment people do things their own way
-courage was needed
-from bourgeois to bohemia (from middle class to upper class)
- succeeded in "detaching" itself from society
-keep culture moving in the midst of ideological CONFUSION and VIOLENCE, moving culture forward
-avant-garde has arrived at "abstract" or "nonobjective" art
-depict more on the ACT of something being depicted &not simply the depicting of why you see
-imitation of imitation
-detaching form discipline and rule in art
-Kitsch: pop culture based on mechanical formula (bad art) popular commercial art
-product of the industrial revolution which urbanized the masses of western Europe and america and established what is called universal literacy
-kitsch welcomes and cultivates this insensibility
-tricks, borrows from devices, and turns them into a system
-all kitsch is academic all thats academic is kitsch
-kitsch has become a productive system in a way in which true culture could never be
-kitschs enourmous profits are a source of temptation to the avant-garde itself
-kitsch has in the last ten years become the dominant culture in Soviet Russia
-kitach keeps dictator in closer contact with the 'soul' of the people
-we encourage the kitsch when we should encourage the avant-garde
-if avant-garde imitates the process of art, kitsch imitates its effects
Artist: Le Corbusier
Year: 1928-31
Place: Poissy-sure-Seine, France
-the simple geometric aesthetic developed by Gropius and Mies van der Pohe became known as the International style because of its widespread popularity. the first and purest exponent of this style was Le Corbusier
-maintained the basic physical and psychological needs of every human being: the sun, space, good vegetarian combined with controlled temp, good ventilation and insulation against harmful and undesired noise.
-advocated basing dwelling designs on human scale, because the house is humankinds asseration within nature
-it sits at the center of a large plot of land cleared of trees and shrubs
-all windows on all sides and the villas rood terrance provide the residents with broad views of the surrounding landscape,
-several colors appear on the xterior - originally, a dark-green base, cream walls and a rose and blue windscreen on top
-the were deliberate analogy for the colors in the machine-inspired Purist style of painting Le Corbusoer practiced
-much of the houses interior is open space
-the major living rooms are on the second floor, wrapping around an open central court
-strip windows run along the membrane-like exterior walls providing illumination to the rooms as well as views out in nature
-it has no traditional facade, the ostensible approach to the house does not define an entrance
- visitors much walk around an through the house to comprehend its layout, which incorporate several changes of direction and spiral staircases
-spaces and masses interpenetrate so fluidly that inside and outside space intermingle
-the machine-plamed smoothness of the unadorned surfaces and slender ribbons of continuos windows, and the buoyant lightness of the whole fabric -all combine to reverse heavy elements above and light ones below