Forensic Anthropology


Terms in this set (...)

Autolysis is the degeneration of body tissue after death by digestive fluids normally found in the body
Deterioration of items associated with human remains, such as clothing and paper, can be used to estimate post mortem interval
Adiopocere is a substance formed from the hydration of body fat when bodies are deposited in water.
Autolysis and putrefaction both occur after death because the body's normal bacteria and digestive juices are no longer held in check by the bodies normal functioning.
Purification is caused by insects that begin feeding on remains soon after death
FALSE, the correct word is "Putrefaction" NOT "Purification"
What is the study of the processes that act on a biological organism between the time of death and the time of recovery?
Forensic Taphonomy
Which of the following factors does not affect the rate of decomposition of a body?
The age of the individual at death
In legal cases involving human remains, chain of custody begins when the remains have been positively identified as human in the forensic lab.
FALSE. (Begins at the scene)
There is no difference in the recovery techniques and the role of forensic anthropologists between legal cases, mass disasters, and mass burials.
Forensic anthropologists are most helpful during the recovery of human remains because of their experience in
Forensic Archaeology
After the soft tissue has been removed from the bones in a forensic laboratory, the last step in preparation for examination is to treat the bones with a stabilizing agent which prevent damage, breakage, discoloration, and loss of dimensions from handling.
Thomas Dwight (1843-1911) is noted as the Father of US Forensic Anthropology for the pioneering research and papers he published on methods of determining age, sex, and height from skeletal remains even though he is not credited with the first case work in the field.
The majority of forensic anthropology deals with the legal process of identification of human remains.
Forensic anthropology, forensic archeology, forensic odentology, forensic entomology, and forensic botony are all unique specialty areas in the the medicolegal community, but specialists often overlap in these areas because they are closely related and used by anthropologists and archeologists in both legal cases and bioarcheology in general.
The origins of forensic anthropology in the US can be traced to the Dr. George Parkman murder case in 1849 where a Harvard chemistry professor, John W. Webster, was convicted of murder based on the work of Harvard professors Oliver Wendell Holmes I and Jeffery Wymen, who constructed a biological profile based on skeletal reconstruction and dentures found in a furnace to establish a positive identification.
Bio-archeology and forensic anthropology are two very distinct fields that are separated by different technological methods of analyzing human remains.
Forensics anthropologists are part of a medicolegal team that focuses specifically on
Identification of persons based on skeletal remains