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Unit 1: Characteristics of Matter
Terms in this set (50)
Grams (g) or Kilograms (kg)
Unit used to measure mass.
Meters (m) or Centimeters (cm)
Unit used to measure length, width, and height.
Liters (L) or Milliliters (mL)
Unit used to measure the volume of liquids.
Unit used to measure weight.
Cubic Centimeters (cm3)
Unit used to measure the volume of cubic solids.
Grams per Milliliter (g/mL) or Grams per Cubic Centimeter (g/cm3)
Unit used to measure density.
How much matter is in a material.
How much space an object takes up.
The measurement of the force of gravity on an object.
How tightly packed matter is within a substance.
Triple Beam Balance
Tool used to measure mass.
Tool used to measure the volume of liquid.
Ruler or Meter Stick
Tool used to measure the volume of cubic solids.
Tool used to measure weight.
The curve at the top of liquids in a graduated cylinder.
Have definite shape and volume; have the lowest energy of all the states.
Have definite volume and indefinite shape; have the second lowest energy of all the states.
Have indefinite shape and volume; have the second highest energy of all the states.
Have indefinite shape and volume and is ionized; have the highest energy of all the states.
The ability to dissolve into other matter.
The material that dissolves.
The material that is dissolved into.
When a solution has the perfect amount of solute for the amount of solvent.
When a solution has too little solute for the amount of solvent.
When a solution has too much solute for the solvent.
Anything that has mass and volume; made of atoms and molecules.
Made of one atom or molecule; cannot be separated by physical means.
Made of one type of atom.
Made of two or more types of atoms that are chemically bonded together.
Made of several substances; can be physically separated.
Type of mixture in which you can see the individual parts.
Having a pH less than 7.
Type of mixture in which you cannot see the individual parts.
Having a pH of 7.
Having a pH greater than 7.
When an acid and base combine to form water and a salt.
Qualities that can be observed or measured.
A quality of a substance that never changes and can be used to identify the substance.
Physical property; how shiny a substance is.
Physical property; how well a material allows heat, electricity, sound, or other energy to travel.
Physical property; the ability to be hammered into sheets.
Physical property; the ability to be stretched into thin wire.
Describe a material's ability to change into another substance.
How a material reacts with air and/or water.
How much a material will decay.
How well a material will catch fire.
How hazardous a material is to living things.
How quickly a material will go though chemical reactions.
The ability to float in a fluid.
The ability to attract or repel other substances.
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Thermal Energy & Heat Transfer
Unit 2 - Elements to Know