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Confederation to Constitution - U.S. History 1301
Terms in this set (64)
A system of government in which power is shared among the federal government and the states.
Set of amendments to the Constitution passed to protect individual rights.
Bill of Rights
Land that formed the modern states of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota.
A government in which the people elect representatives to govern.
Law that set up townships in the Western lands, which became known as the Northwest Territory.
Land Ordinance of 1785
Anti-tax protest by farmers.
People who supported the ratification of the Constitution.
Plan that called for each state to have equal representation in legislature.
New Jersey Plan
Essays that explained and defended the Constitution.
The Federalist Papers
A road that traveled westward over the Appalachian Mountains into Kentucky.
Meeting in Philadelphia called to change the Articles of Confederation.
Influential Virginian who opposed ratification of the Constitution.
Law that organized the Northwest Territory.
Called for counting three-fifths of the slave population for representation and taxation.
The first government of the United States.
Articles of Confederation
Called for a two-house legislature with representation based on population in one house and equal representation in the other house.
Plan that called for representation in the legislature to be based on state's population and wealth.
One of the leaders of the Constitutional Convention.
People who did not support ratification of the Constitution.
The last major battle of the war in which American and French troops bombarded Yorktown and forced Cornwallis to surrender his army.
Battle of Yorktown
The series of conflicts that led to the surrender of the British General Burgoyne and his troops.
Battle of Saratoga
An African-American woman who sued for her freedom in a Massachusetts court and won.
A professional soldier hired to fight for a foreign country.
Government in which the people rule.
British General who led an army to Camden, South Carolina.
A 14-year-old African sailor who later became famous for his efforts to end slavery.
A French nobleman who volunteered to serve in Washington's army.
Marquis De Lafayette
A country that agrees to help another country achieve a similar goal.
The Commander of the Continental Army.
Small bands of fighters who weaken the enemy with surprise raids and hit and run attacks.
Peace treaty that ended the Revolutionary War.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
Privately owned ship that a wartime government gives permission to attack an enemy merchant's ship.
Opposed to war.
A long steel knife attached to the end of a gun.
To leave military duty without intending to return.
The continental officer and commander of the Bonhomme Richard who won the most famous sea battle of the Revolutionary War.
John Paul Jones
An overall plan of action.
How was the Revolutionary War won?
With the aid of French alliance, a victory at Saratoga, capturing over 7,000 British P.O.W.'s, and Ben Franklin's efforts.
On July 4th, 1826, what did John Adams and Thomas Jefferson do?
These men both die on the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence
How many times has the presidency been won by a candidate who did not win a majority of the popular votes?
Describe some of the actions described in Checks and Balances
1.) President can veto
2.) Congress can override a president
3.) Supreme Court can declare laws as "unconstitutional"
4.) States do most policing
5.) States and citizens have reserved powers
6.) Senate can veto the House and vice versa
Won the Revolution, refused to take power from the Continental Congress, patient, took advice from Rochambeau, presided at the Constitutional Convention.
Convinced the French to ally with the U.S. and served at the Constitutional Convention.
1770 slaughter of 5 colonists by British soldiers.
Sons of Liberty:
Colonists/activists against Britain organized by Sam Adams.
"The Shot Heard 'Round The World":
Ralph Waldo Emerson's glorification of the minutemen (1837).
Ralph Waldo Emerson:
Wrote "Concord Hymn" and "Self-Reliance".
A Boston lawyer who defends British Soldiers.
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal..."
Wrote "Common Sense" and "The Crisis".
Battle of Saratoga (1777):
A patriot victory in upstate New York that convinced the French to join the American cause.
Battle of Yorktown (1781):
The decisive patriot victory which included the French Navy and many French foot soldiers.
The primary author of the U.S. Constitution (1787).
Constitution of 1787:
Replaced the Articles of Confederation.
A tax-revolt by veterans in western Massachusetts that led to the Constitutional Convention.
Describes the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches.
Checks and Balances:
Gives veto power over Congress to the President, Congress can override the President's veto, and gives Congress the power to impeach presidents and judges.
Bill of Rights:
The first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Grants citizens the freedoms of religion, press, speech, petition, and assembly.
Federalists and Anti-Federalists:
Federalists were pro-Constitution, anti-federalists opposed the Constitution.
Steps towards the Revoltuion:
French and Indian War, taxes, shots fired...
Does the Constitution establish the U.S. as a democracy?
No, we are a balanced republic.
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