Terms in this set (20)
What civilization developed in the northern and southern parts of the Nile River?
North: Egypt South: Kush
Why was the Nile River valley ideal for human settlement?
Why is the Nile River called the "lifeblood of Egypt?"
about 4,000 miles long from central Africa to the Mediterranean Sea
Describe cataracts and why it was difficult to travel by ships.
cataracts: fast moving water with boulders and rocks
Why are deltas so valuable?
the deltas form fertile marshlands for farming
What does the Nile River border on either side?
How did the desert help Egypt?
Deserts kept Egypt isolated from foreign invaders
What geographical features protected Egypt?
Desert =prevented enemy attacks, cataracts = prevented enemy ships from attacking, delta marshes too shallow for ships
How did having so many protective physical features help Egypt develop?
Egypt developed peacefully because they were safe from foreign invasion
How were the Nile's floods different from floods of Tigris
Euphrates? -Nile floods were predictable and caused less destruction.
How did Egyptian farmers take advantage of the Nile's yearly spring flooding?
Farmers would irrigate during the dry season
What type of crops did Egyptians plant?
wheat, barley, flax seeds
What is papyrus and how was it used?
papyrus = long thin reed used to weave rope, sandals, baskets, river rafts, paper
What was Egyptian writing called?
What was the effect of increased farming and trade?
organized government developed
Why did Egyptians feel the formation of government was necessary?
government was necessary to oversee construction and repair of irrigation ditches and dams, help store and distribute grain in times of drought, settle land disputes
Where were Upper and Lower Egypt in relation to the Nile?
Upper Egypt = south-central Lower Egypt = northern Nile
Who was Narmer and why is he important?
King of Upper Egypt that unified all of Egypt in about 3100 B.C.
Why was choosing Memphis as the new capital a logical choice?
Memphis bordered Upper and Lower Egypt
What type of government evolved for almost 3,000 years?
a dynasty developed
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hensley spelling words 12/6