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Terms in this set (26)
being aware of yourself and your environment
Know the various elements of consciousness
subjective, selected, divided, continuous, multilevel
a passive state that turns attention from external stimuli to internal thoughts
people who regular have fantasies and sometimes can't separate fantasy from reality
ability to engage in the world as both a participant and an observer
How is consciousness adaptive for survival?
it helps plan future activities and make sense of emotions
What are some risks associated with taking substances like melatonin?
it stops the body's natural production of melatonin
Restorative theory of sleep
the body restores and resets itself when you sleep
Adaptive theory of sleep
sleep protects humans from getting injured at a time of day where our bodies aren't well adapted
a dream where you are aware that you're dreaming and you can change what happens
Problem solving dream theory
dreams provide someone with the creativity to solve problems
Offline dream theory
when dreams help us organize and store information
Activation synthesis dream theory
a dream is the forebrain's attempt to interpret random brain activity
Considerations for hypnosis (why it does or doesn't work)
it's not reliable because you have to be completely willing to be hypnotized, and it cannot get you to do something that you did not already want to do
an altered state of awareness when someone is unusually responsive to suggestions
Myths about hypnosis
people are stronger than normal
it's like a truth serum
Definition of a psychoactive drug
chemicals that modify mental processes and behavior
Define and examples of depressants
drugs that slow down your nervous system and mental activity
alcohol, opiates, tranquilizers
Define and examples of stimulants
drugs that speed up your nervous system and mental activity
caffeine, nicotine, cocaine
Define and examples of hallucinogens
psychoactive drug that makes you hallucinate
LSD, ecstasy, iowaska
Essay: Social or cultural implications pertaining to substance abuse and psychology
< write your own essay >
BONUS: Talk about cannabis as a schedule drug
Cannabis is a Schedule-1 substance, meaning that its addictive and has no real use. This is an example showing how many drug laws are based on racial stereotyping.
BONUS: How to get out of sleep paralysis
You have to relax to produce more cortisol to turn on your hindbrain.
BONUS: Is the definition of psychoactive drugs too broad?
Yes, even nutmeg can be a psychoactive drug.
BONUS: What is Iowaska?
Can only be found in South America; used in trama treatment by tribal doctors; vomiting induces the psyche trip which allows you to purge trama from your mind.
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