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Roman Empire Study Guide
Terms in this set (26)
Rome is located in the modern day country of ____________.
Romulus and Remus
Roman legend said that their city was founded by __________ after he killed his brother _____________.
Rome fought the powerful African empire _____________ during the Punic Wars.
French, Italian, Spanish, and Romanian languages are based on the old Roman language of ___________.
_________________ was the first emperor of Rome.
Rome built over 50,000 miles of ______________ which connected the empire and allowed for long distances travel and communication.
_________________ was the powerful Roman general who brought an end to the Roman Republic. He was eventually assassinated by his enemies in the ______________.
__________________ was an inventive piece of Roman engineering that brought water into the cities.
__________________ was the term given to the reign of Augustus. It was a time of extended Roman peace.
_____________________ is the body of water the Roman Empire formed around.
_______________________ was the new religion that emerged during the Roman Empire. It was based on the life and teachings of ______________.
________________ is a form of government in which people vote for their leaders to make laws and decisions for them.
The Roman emperor _________________ divided the Roman Empire into two parts, east and west, in order to rule Rome more effectively.
Visigoths & Vandals
The city of Rome was sacked by the ___________ and ___________. Eventually, the city of was conquered in 476 by the barbarian general ___________.
Roman emperor ___________ moved the capital of the empire from Rome to ___________. He also declared an end to all attacks on Christianity.
_____________ is someone who dies for their faith.
_______________ was the name of the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Its greatest Emperor was _____________ who ruled from 527 to 565. He is famous for created legal code know as ____________ as well as building the ____________ church. His wife's name was ____________.
Romans popularized the artistic style of ___________ (pictures made out of small colored pieces of glass or tile).
Roman religion borrowed heavily from the ___________ religion. Romans were ___________ and worshipped many gods.
Emperor ____________ burned down the city of Rome in order to build a new palace. He is known for persecuting Christians and being a cruel emperor.
Built by Emperor Hadrian, the _________ was a temple that honored the many gods of Rome. It is known fro its oculus and giant dome.
Mosaics - pictures made out of many small colored tiles or pieces of
* Highly realistic sculptures
*bas-relief style that featured slightly raised figures against flat background
Latin evolved into Romance language: Spanish, French, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
1. Stoicism(a school) - stressed the importance of virtue, duty, and endurance of life.
a.) Cicero( a Roman Statesman) primary source and discussion
2. Citizenship - individuals are expected to have a relationship with their country, to strengthen their community.
Philosophy and Citizenship
2. Vaults - an arched structure that forms a ceiling or roof
4. Aqueducts, public buildings, bath houses, Coliseum, outdoor arenas
5. 50,000 miles of Roman Roads
Technology, Engineering, and Architecture
1.Preserved Christianity and spread it (though not intentionally)
2. Roman law and Rights - our current model of government is modeled on Roman principles, fairness, common sense, judges, juries
3. Representative government (congress and senate)
4. Citizens in the Roman Republic had the right to equal treatment under the law and were innocent until proven guilty.
5. Laws include rights to won property, make contracts, and write wills.
Religion and Law
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