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A social system based on a rigid social and political hierarchy based on the ownership of land
a Protestant religious sect that sought to reform the Church of England in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
French and Indian War
a way fought between France and England, and allied Indians, from 1754 to 1763; resulted in France's expulsion from the New World
1776 pamphlet by Thomas Paine that persuaded many Americans to support the Revolutionary cause
Declaration of Independence
the political document that dissolved the colonial ties between the United States and Britain
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution of the United States (1777) creating an association of states with weak central government
a government in which independent states unite for common purpose, but retain their own sovereignty
a grassroots uprising (1787) by armed Massachusetts farmers protesting foreclosures
the assembly of fifty-five delegates in the summer of 1787 to recast the Articles of Confederation; the result was the U.S. Constitution
a proposal at the Constitutional Convention that congressional representation be based on population, thus favoring the large states
New Jersey Plan
a proposal at the Constitutional Convention that congressional representation be equal, thus favoring small states
The Great Compromise
the constitutional solution to congressional representation: equal votes in the Senate, votes by population in the House
the formula for counting five slaves as three people for purposes of representation that reconciled northern and southern factions at the Constitutional Convention
The Federalist Papers
a series of essays written in support of the Constitution to build support for its ratification
groups of citizens united by some common passion or interest and opposed to the rights of other citizens or to the interests of the whole community
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