18 terms

Chap. 11, Civil War reconstruction, 5th grade social studies

Civil War reconstruction
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Reconstruction
The period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and brought back into the Union
Black codes
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
Acquit
To state that someone is not guilty of criminal charges
freedmen
People who had been freed from slavery
Sharecroppers
people who rent a plot of land from another person, and farm it in exchange for a share of the crop
Secret ballot
Voters do not reveal who they vote for or how they vote on an issue because their decision is made in private. This keeps the election fair and free from threat or intimidation.
segregation
separation of the races
13th amendment
1865. Amendment abolishing and continually prohibiting slavery. With limited exception, such as those guilty of comitting a crime, it also prevents indentured servitude.
14th amendment
1868, Amendment declaring that all persons born in the US are citizens, that all citizens were entilted to equal rights and their rights are protected.
15th amendment
1870, Amendment stating citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color or previous condition of servitude
amendment
A change to the U.S.Constitution.
The Freedmen Bureau
An agency set up by the federal government to help former slaves after the Civil War
Andrew Johnson
17th President of the United States. He was elected Vice President under Lincoln, and became President when Lincoln was assassinated.

Johnson was impeached, but acquitted by one vote
Impeach
A formal process in which an elected official is accused of wrongdoing which could lead to removal from office
Booker T. Washington
(1856-1915) important black American, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was founder of the Tuskegee Institute in 1881.
Scalawag
An insulting term referring to southern whites who supported republican policy throughout reconstruction.
Carpetbaggers
A person from the northern states who went to the South after the Civil War to profit from the Reconstruction.
Emancipation Proclamation
1863. This offer of freedom was to undermine Confederate southern states, it freed all slaves living in a rebellious state in the south. if they served. The Union formed black regiments, and blacks became a major part of the war effort.
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