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58 terms

Poetry Terms

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Speaker
the narrator of a poem
Audience
the intended reader of a piece
Subject
tells who or what the writing is about
Tone
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, or toward the audience (the readers).
Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
Onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds
Repetition
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
Juxtaposition
Placing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast
Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Extended Metaphor
a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem
Hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
Understatement (or euphemism/meiosis)
the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is (the opposite of hyperbole)
Masculine Rhyme
rhyme that falls on the stressed and concluding syllables of the rhyme-words. Examples include "keep" and "sleep," "glow" and "no," and "spell" and "impel."
Feminine Rhyme
is a rhyme that matches two or more syllables at the end of the respective lines (painted-acquainted, passion-fashion)
Slant Rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
Perfect Rhyme
a rhyme in which the corrsondance between the two sounds is exact
Terminal Rhyme
Perfect rhyme where the grammatical end of the line or thought coincides with the perfect rhyme.
Internal Rhyme
repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)
Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines in a poem
Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
Dissonance
disagreeable sounds
Consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words. ex: ping-pong, sound-sand, round-rind
Meter
patterns of regular rhythm in language
Foot
a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm
Syllable
A unit of speech heard as a single sound; one "beat" of a word or phrase.
Stressed
bearing a stress or accent
Unstressed
syllables that are not given a relative emphasis
Rhythm
the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements
Scansion
The process of marking lines of poetry to show the type of feet and the number of feet they contain
Pentameter
five feet per line (10 syllables per line of poetry)
Hexameter
six feet per line (12 syllables per line of poetry)
Iambic
one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable (tra-PEZE)
Ode
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
Elegy
a sad or mournful poem (usually because of a death)
Blank Verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem
Couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
Tercet
three line stanza
Quatrain
a stanza of four lines
Cinquain
A five line stanza
Enjambed
the running over of a sentence or thought into the next line without a pause
End-Stopped
a term that describes a line of poetry that ends with a natural pause often indicated by a mark of punctuation
Caesura
a pause or break within a line of poetry (marked with || symbol)
Elision
The leaving out of an unstressed syllable or vowel, usually in order to keep a regular meter in a line of poetry.
Monometer
a metrical line containing one foot
Dimeter
a metrical line containing two feet
Trimeter
a metrical line with three feet
Tetrameter
a metrical line containing four feet
Hexameter
a metrical line containing six feet
Heptameter (septameter)
a metrical line containing seven feet
Trochaic (trochee)
one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable (PUMP-kin)
Spondaic (spondee)
A metrical foot consisting of two stressed syllables. (PAN-CAKE)
Pyrrhic (pyrrhus)
a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed syllables (of the)
Anapestic (anapest)
metrical measurement of two unstressed syllables and then one stressed one (an-a-PEST))
Dactyllic (dactyl)
A metrical foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables (MAR-ma-lade)