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the narrator of a poem
the intended reader of a piece
tells who or what the writing is about
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, or toward the audience (the readers).
repetition of initial consonant sounds
the use of words that imitate sounds
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
Placing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem
Understatement (or euphemism/meiosis)
the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is (the opposite of hyperbole)
rhyme that falls on the stressed and concluding syllables of the rhyme-words. Examples include "keep" and "sleep," "glow" and "no," and "spell" and "impel."
is a rhyme that matches two or more syllables at the end of the respective lines (painted-acquainted, passion-fashion)
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
a rhyme in which the corrsondance between the two sounds is exact
Perfect rhyme where the grammatical end of the line or thought coincides with the perfect rhyme.
repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)
the pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines in a poem
repetition of vowel sounds
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words. ex: ping-pong, sound-sand, round-rind
patterns of regular rhythm in language
a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm
A unit of speech heard as a single sound; one "beat" of a word or phrase.
bearing a stress or accent
syllables that are not given a relative emphasis
the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements
The process of marking lines of poetry to show the type of feet and the number of feet they contain
five feet per line (10 syllables per line of poetry)
six feet per line (12 syllables per line of poetry)
one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable (tra-PEZE)
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
a sad or mournful poem (usually because of a death)
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
a group of lines in a poem
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
three line stanza
a stanza of four lines
A five line stanza
the running over of a sentence or thought into the next line without a pause
a term that describes a line of poetry that ends with a natural pause often indicated by a mark of punctuation
a pause or break within a line of poetry (marked with || symbol)
The leaving out of an unstressed syllable or vowel, usually in order to keep a regular meter in a line of poetry.
a metrical line containing one foot
a metrical line containing two feet
a metrical line with three feet
a metrical line containing four feet
a metrical line containing six feet
a metrical line containing seven feet
one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable (PUMP-kin)
A metrical foot consisting of two stressed syllables. (PAN-CAKE)
a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed syllables (of the)
metrical measurement of two unstressed syllables and then one stressed one (an-a-PEST))
A metrical foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables (MAR-ma-lade)
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses, sentences, or stanzas.
a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true
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