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25 terms

I.B. cardiovascular system: Blood (1)

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function of blood
transport material, protection (antibodies), and regulates body temp
formed elements
Red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets
erythrocytes
Red blood cells
leukocytes
White blood cells
Platelets
thrombocytes
99.9%
% of RBCs in formed elements
.1%
%of platelets and WBCs in formed elements
55%
Plama % in whole blood
45%
Formed elements % in whole blood
Platelets
fragment of blood cells
Anemia
Deficiency in number or function of RBCs
Platelets function
blood clot formation
Hematocrit
measures the volume of RBCs in blood sample.
Leukocytosis
abnormally high WBCs count
Leukopenia
absormally low WBCs count
-penia
very little, less than normal
polycythemia
production of abnormally high number of RBCs
hema
Prefix indicating blood
Sickle cell anemia
RBC that contains an abnormal type of hemoglobin
Sickle cell
because of this, these cells cannot transport oxygen, and they abstruct blood flow
Phagocytosis
ability of a cell to take into itself and digest another cell "cell eating"
Acidosis
blood pH range lower than 7.35
Thrombosis
the formation of a blood clot in the blood vessel
Erythroblastosis fetalis
disorder caused by a fetus with an Rh-positive blood factor and a mother who is Rh negative, causing red blood cell destruction in the fetus;
Serum
blood plams minus the clotting factors (fibrinogen)