32 terms

Plymouth Colony

Wilson 5th Grade
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EXPORTS
Products that are shipped to another country. Colonists in Plymouth exported furs, pickled fish, and lumber to England.
Forge
A blacksmith's shop. A workshop where iron is heated and shaped into useful things, such as tools and nails.
(PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH)
The self-governing American branch of the Church of England.
Eel
A type of fish with a long, snake-like body. Pickled eels were a popular food in England. The Plymouth Pilgrims ate this fish at their first harvest feast and also exported them back to England.
Dutch Barn
A type of hay storage barn whose roof could be raised as more hay was added; used at Plymouth Colony
Culture
All the ways of living built up by a group of people or a nation. The English colonists brought the culture of England to America. Parts of many different cultures have blended together to create the Ameri- can culture.
Colony
A settlement made by people who leave their own country to settle in another land, but who still remain citizens of their original country. After the explorations of Christopher Columbus, many European countries began to found colonies all over the world.
Civilized
An advanced stage of social development.
Calvinist Churches
Churches that were based on the religious teachings of a Frenchman named John Calvin. The Pilgrims followed Calvin's teachings of simplicity and strict discipline.
William Brewster (1566-1643)
The main religious leader of the Plymouth colony for many years. William Brewster and William Bradford came from the same part of England.
William Bradford
Governor of the Plymouth colony from 1621-1657.
Angilican
Someone who belongs to the Church of England (the Anglican Church).
Anglican Church
The Church of England. More than half of the Plymouth colonists belonged to the Church of England.
Almsgiving
Alms are anything given for free to help the poor. The giving of alms was part of the Pilgrim religious service.
Exports
Products that are shipped to another country. Plymouth colony exported furs, pickled fish, and lumber to England.
Humiliation
To be made to feel more humble or less full of pride. At Plymouth, the Sabbath was a day of "humiliation and thanksgiving."
James the First (1566-1625)
James Stuart, King of England 1603-1625. A firm believer in the divine right of kings and enemy of Pilgrims. His laws on religion made the Pilgrims leave England.
MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY
A Puritan Colony started by John Winthrop near Plymouth around 1630. Eventually, in 1691, Plymouth Colony joined with the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Mayflower
The ship that carried the Pilgrims to New England in the autumn of 1620.
Mayflower Compact
A document signed by 41 male passengers of the Mayflower on November 21, 1620, before they landed in New England. By signing this document, they agreed to make and abide by certain laws in their new colony. Because the Mayflower Compact contained the idea of governing by consent, as well as of having a written framework for a government (a Constitution), it is one of the most important American historical documents.
Merchant Adventurers
A group of rich Londoners who gave money to the Plymouth Colonists to start their colony. In exchange for this money, the company took one- half of everything the colony could produce in seven years' time.
Pilgrims
People who journey (make a pilgrimage) to holy places. The Separatists who founded the Plymouth colony thou
Plymouth Colony
The first successful English colony in New England, founded in 1620. The Plymouth Colony was made up of Cape Cod and lands to the west. It exported lumber, furs, and preserved fish, and became part of the much larger Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691.
Pulpit
A raised platform where preachers, such as those at Plymouth, stood to deliver their sermons.
Puritans
People who wanted to "purify" the Church of England by having very plain religious services and buildings and by having stricter rules. The Pilgrims (Separatists) were Puritans who broke away from the Church of England. The Puritans did not break away from the Church of England.
Reeds
Marsh plants with long firm stems that were dried to make thatched roofs.
Sabbath
A day of rest. Sunday was the Sabbath Day of the Plymouth Pilgrims.
Separatists
Puritans who believed that only by separating from the Church of England was it possible to find true religious freedom. Separatist Pilgrims founded the Plymouth Colony.
Sermon
A public speech on religion
Squanto
The English-speaking Native American who showed the Plymouth colonists how to plant corn, hunt for game, find fish, and where to locate paths through the wilderness.
Thatch
Roofing material, such as reeds or straw.
Thanksgiving
The American holiday of Thanksgiving can be traced back to the harvest feast celebrated at Plymouth in November of 1621. In 1789, President George Washington made November 26th a day of national thanksgiving.
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