The formal curriculum of schools provides children with the education needed to take on adult roles. School also exposes children to the "hidden curriculum"- expectation about appropriate skills, character traits, and attitudes that pay off (competitiveness, ambition and conformity for example). Through a system of observation and constant feedback from peers, children learn ideas about in groups and out groups, cultural norms and gender appropriate behavior. Positive experiences with peers can boost a child's confidence and self esteem.
Compare and contrast the schools and peer groups as agents of socialization. What is the unique function of each, and what is an important point of difference.