Terms in this set (29)
How many people were in the provisional government?
Who led the provisional government?
What was to happen in late 1917 but why didn't it?
There was to be an election for a permanent government however this never happened due to the November revolution.
What were the achievements of the provisional government?
*They removed the Okhrana
*They released political and religious prisoners
*They allowed freedom of speech and religion
*They abolished the death penalty
What were the failures of the provisional government?
*They continued to fight in WW1 and the kerensky offensive to gain land in the west had failed. As a result 2 million men had deserted by 1917
*They had to share power with the Petrograd Soviet in a system of dual power
*After the March revolution peasants had seized land off the nobles without waiting for the provisional government to help them do it lawfully
*Food shortage continued as peasants were having to help the war effort. The PG increased the price that they would pay for grain by 100% however the peasants still did not want to sell it.
Where was Lenin during the February revolution?
He was in exile in Switzerland
How and when did Lenin return to Russia?
In a sealed train provided by the Germans after the Tsar had abdicated.
What was Lenin's role?
He was the Bolshevik leader.
What did Lenin think of the February revolution?
That it was not radical enough. He wanted another Bolshevik revolution in which he was to take control of Russia.
What did Lenin publish on his return to Russia?
The April Theses
What did the April Theses state?
He criticised the bolsheviks for supporting the PG and not pushing for revolution. He wanted peasants to take land from the landlords and industrial workers to seize factories.
When were the July Days?
16th-17th July 1917
What happened during the July Days?
Soldiers and sailors went on strike in the streets of Petrograd and they were joined by factory workers. Riots occurred on the 16th and 17th of July and the government brought in troops to control the people.
What caused the July Days?
Food shortages and the failed Kerensky offensive.
What did Kerensky do as a result of the July days?
He reintroduced the death penalty and he imprisoned leading Bolsheviks.
What happened to Lenin?
He fled to Finland.
What did Lenin promise Russian people in October 1917?
A promise of ''Bread,Peace and Land!" to the peasants and he proclaimed 'all power to the soviets!'.
Why was Lenin's revolutionary cry popular?
The people felt as though they has been let down by the Tsar and the PG to solve Russia's problems.
What was the Kornilov affair?
Kerensy ordered the supreme commander, General Kornilov, to impose order on Petrograd. Kornilov then took loyal troops to establish control and he was marching on the capital to gain power. Kerensky then had to ask the Bolsheviks for help and he supplied them with weapons. After a few days the Bolsheviks had enlisted 25000 troops and had made themselves look like the defenders of the city. Kornilov's troops refused to fight members of the Petrograd Soviet so the attempt to seize power ended bloodlessly.
What effect did the Kornilov affair have on the PG?
It weakened them. Kerensky lost a lot of support which made him lose power and influence.
What effect did the Kornilov affair have on the Bolsheviks?
It made them rise in power as they had public support due to the fact that they looked as though they were saving the city. It also meant that they could seize power shortly after in the November revolution.
When was the Kornilov affair?
What happened in September 1917?
The Bolsheviks gain control of the Petrograd Soviet and Leon Trotsky become it's president.
What happened on the night of the 6th of November 1917?
Trotsky's red guards were helped by the Kronstadt sailors to take over bridges and telephone wires to cut of Petrograd from the rest of Russia.
What happened on the 7th of November 1917
The red guards take over government buildings, banks and railways. At 9:40pm, signalled by a shell for the cruiser aurora, they invaded the winter palace. They were met with no resistance.
Where was Kerensky at the time of the takeover?
He had left Petrograd after being informed that the Bolsheviks were about to seize power.
What happened to Karensky's cabinet?
They were arrested.
Who became the new leader of Russia?
Why did the bolshevik takeover succeed?
* The PG had very little support
*The Bolshevik promised appealed to people.
*Trotsky's red guards were ver well organised.
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