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Unit 1 Religion Test (Kruk)
Terms in this set (30)
The name for a messenger with free will and naturally superior intellect to humans. Since the 3rd century, the Church has maintained, though not officially, that all the baptized have guardian angels who personally watch out for them
The first sin committed by the first human beings (Adam and Eve). They preferred themselves to God and now all humans are born with it.
An attraction, either outside oneself or from within, to act contrary to right reason and the commandments of God
God's gift to human beings of the freedom and ability to choose between right and wrong
A fallen angel or the devil, the Evil One
Human beings were originally created to live in harmony with God, themselves, and creation
Humans originally shared in God's divine life
The story of God's saving actions in human history
Christ's Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension
List the six "Truths of Creation"
-There is one Triune God
-God planned creation
-God created the world out of nothing
-Creation is ordered and good
-God created humans in his image
-God blessed the Sabbath and made it holy
How does Genesis answer the question, "Why am I here?"
To know, love, and serve God so as to be in a relationship with him on earth, and with him in Heaven
What does Genesis 1:26 teach us?
"Let us make man in OUR image..." (Gen 1:26, RSVCE)
-Said BEFORE he created humans- wasn't talking to Adam and Eve, was talking to himself
-Shows that Jesus and the Holy Spirit existed before the very beginning (eternal and triune)
God created everything seen and unseen. Describe three different creatures he created, where they live, and their souls.
*Angels- fully spiritual beings Live in Heaven
*Animals- fully bodily creatures, have souls/life, but not rational/intellectual ones --> doesn't carry on past death
*Humans- a body and soul unity Live on earth AND can get to Heaven, immortal soul
Describe the relationship between angels and humans. Why is this relationship important to know and foster? Give one example of where we see angels in Scripture.
Everyone has their own guardian angel, which is unique to them. "The angels work together for the benefit of us all"- St. Thomas Aquinas. This relationship is important to know and foster because we know that there is always someone having our backs, and that it was planned even before creation who your guardian angel would be. We see Angel Gabriel present in Scripture. when he was announcing to Mary at the annunciation that she will conceive the child of God.
Why are humans expected to be stewards of creation? Give two examples of things you can do in your daily life to do this.
Humans are expected to be stewards of creation because God made them to be good. We are . entrusted with the RESPONSIBILITY to care for creation because God made it (i.e. Preservation, recycling, etc.)
Explain how the areas of faith and science can work together to teach us about ourselves, the world, and God. Give an example of this.
-There have been many Catholic contributions to the world of science over the years.
-Creation accounts are not scientific accounts, WHY vs. HOW, NOT meant to be read literally.
-Big Bang theory and theory of evolution are both compatible with the idea that God made the world/universe/US
When God created humans male and female (before the Fall), he created us to be ___________, ____________, and ___________. Explain the triangular relationship between these three things and why they are each important.
-equal, different, and complementary
-In creating humans male and female, God gives man and woman an equal personal dignity
-Each of the two sexes is an image of the power and tenderness of God, though in a different way
-Physical and Spiritual difference and complementarity are oriented toward the goods of marriage and flourishing of family life
How does St. John Paul II describe femininity? What term does he use, and what does this mean?
Feminine genius- We have a gift that is solely ours, and allow the genius to manifest itself. Strength, beauty, fidelity, self-giving, and acceptance
Why is it important that God created humans with free will? What does that mean for our relationship with God?
-God wanted to make sure his creatures share in his wisdom and goodness--> we were created of God's free will
-We have a choice to follow God or go against him
-This means that God wants us to be able to choose our own path in life, he wants us to know that we should trust him, but he gives us the option to go against him
Summarize Genesis chapter 3
Satan tempts Eve to eat an apple from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. He tells her she will not die, but instead become just like God himself. She gives in and gets Adam to eat from the tree as well. After they realize what they've done, they hide from God, embarrassed because they now understand that they are naked. God realizes what they've done and curses them. He curses the snake to crawl on its stomach for the rest of time. He makes child birth very painful. He says that a woman's husband will rule over her. He curses the ground, making man have to cultivate his own food and eat bread until he dies. He makes humans able to die and He banishes them from the Garden of Eden.
What three things does the Protoevangelium predict? Why is this so important to our faith from the very beginning?
-A future messiah and redeemer
-A battle between the serpent and the woman
-A final victory of a descendant of hers
This shows us there is already a victory over sin predicted! This is the first Gospel, tells us that Jesus is coming.
There is one triune God
-There is one God who created out of nothing all that exists outside of himself
-God is eternal and uncreated
-Shows that Jesus and the Holy Spirit existed before the very beginning
God planned creation
Creation did not result from chaotic forces or warring gods. God created the world in an orderly manner to share his life and goodness with us.
God created the world out of nothing
-God did not take preexisting stuff to make the world out of it
-This demonstrates God's almighty power
Creation is ordered and good
-The material world is not evil
-The world is not a result of magic or false gods
-God is pleased with everything he made, especially human beings
God created humans in his image
Male and female as equal, different, and complementary. In original justice and holiness
God blessed the Sabbath and made it holy
God didn't need to rest but he set the precedent. We need to take time to rest and worship
List the 5 consequences of Original Sin (from the notes, not the book).
a. Loss of the grace of original holiness
b. Loss of original justice
c. Loss of inner harmony
d. Loss of harmony between man and woman
e. Loss of harmony with creation
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