Chapter 8: The Southwest
Terms in this set (36)
The Southwest includes which 4 states?
Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma
If you travel east in Texas, the climate becomes...
Wetter and more humid
What is an example of ground water?
What is the main reason for the average temperature difference of about 30 degrees between the Arizona cities of Flagstaff and Phoenix?
Flagstaff is about 6,000 feet higher in elevation.
Cinco de Mayo honors a military victory in which nation?
Which key part of the Southwest's water supply was created when the U.S. government built the Hoover Dam in the 1930s?
Which state in the Southwest has the most tornadoes in the country each year?
Which river marks the southern border of over half of the southwest region?
A gradual process of wearing away soil and rock.
A body of air with the same temperature and humidity
A person who moves from place to place
A flow of oil
The headquarters of missionaries
to add to
A lake where water is stored.
What is the largest industry in New Mexico today?
Which states in the Southwest has the least amount of land available for grazing or farming?
The water from which river played a part in the erosion that formed the Grand Canyon?
The Colorado River
Who led a group of American settlers into Texas to claim land being given by the Mexican government in 1821?
Stephen F. Austin
Which Southwest state is the leading producer of copper in the United States?
Who set up 3 missions in what is now Arizona in order to teach the Native Americans the Christian religion?
What kind of vegetation would you mostly find in the Sonoran Desert of western Arizona?
Which protected wildlife area in Texas is at least a temporary home to nearly 400 kinds of birds a year?
Padre Island National Seashore
Which watery system connected the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean, leading to a large increase in trade?
The St. Lawrence Seaway
How were cattle mostly brought from ranches in the Southwest to meat-packing plants in the Midwest?
Cattle drives and railroads
In addition to helping with the region's water supply, what other product is supplied by the Hoover Dam?
Which ancient group of Native Americans built a system of canals to bring water from the Salt River to the Gila River to their farms?
Why did many Americans see opportunity in moving to Texas in the early 1800s?
Each married man was promised more than 4,000 acres of land.
What is a low, slightly hollowed area of land found in southern New Mexico and Arizona?
What was the main purpose of every Spanish Mission?
To teach the Christian religion to Native Americans
At what historical site can tourists see the carvings and cliff dwellings of ancient Native Americans?
Canyon de Chelly
What is the Spanish work for village?
What were the Spanish explorers sent to the Southwest primarily looking for in the region?
Cities of Gold
What was life like for Native Americans at Spanish missions in the late 1600s?
At each mission, Native Americans were offered food. They were also protected from groups they considered their enemies. In exchange, they had to work and become Christians. Some Native Americans were forced to work and were treated poorly. Others were treated with kindness.
Describe the different kinds of erosion.
Erosion is the gradual process of wearing away soil and rock. The rushing water of rivers causes erosion. Rainwater causes erosion when it washes away dirt and soil. It also dissolves certain kinds of rock, such as limestone. Wind plays a part when it picks up sand and blows it against rocks or mountains. Even though sand seems harmless, its small, sharp edges wear away the surface of rocks and mountains
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