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36 terms

Functional Groups

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Alcohol
-ol
Aldehyde
-al
Alkene
-ene
Alkyne
-yne
Amide
-amide
Amine
-amine
Arene
none
Carbonyl
Carboxylic acid anhydride
-oic anhydride
Carboxylic acid chloride
-oyl chloride
Carboxylic acid
-oic acid
Disulfide
disulfide
Ester
-oate
Ether
ether
Halide
none
Imine (Schiff base)
none
Ketone
-one
Monophosphate
phosphate
Nitrile
-nitrile
Nitro
none
Sulfide
sulfide
Thiol
-thiol
Alkyl halides (haloalkanes)
Have a carbon atom bonded to halogen (-X).
Alcohols
Have a carbon atom bonded to the oxygen of a hydroxyl group (-OH).
Ethers
Have two carbon atoms bonded to the same oxygen.
Organophosphates
Have a carbon atom bonded to the oxygen of a phosphate group (-OPO32-).
Amines
Have a carbon bonded to a nitrogen.
Thiols
Have a carbon atom bonded to the sulfur of the -SH group.
Sulfides
Have two carbon atoms bonded to the same sulfur.
Disulfides
Have carbon atoms bonded to two sulfurs that are joined together.
Aldehydes
Have at least one hydrogen bonded to the C=O.
Ketones
Have two carbon atoms bonded to the C=O.
Carboxylic acids
Have one carbon atom and one -OH group bonded to the C=O.
Esters
Have one carbon and one esther-like oxygen bonded to the C=O.
Amides
Have one carbon and one nitrogen bonded to the C=O.
Acid Chlorides
Have one carbon and one chlorine bonded to the C=O.