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Intro criminal justice 4&5
Terms in this set (31)
Brief detention of a person by law enforcement agents for questioning.
a pat-down or minimal search by police to discover weapons.
Terry vs. Ohio (1968)
Set the precedence of definition of reasonable suspicion in stop and frisk situation.
When is Miranda required?
Required when a suspect is in custody.
California vs. Riley
No warrantless searches of the contents of a cell phone
Plain View Doctrine
The legal principle that objects in plain view of a law enforcement agent who has the right to be in a position to have that view may be seized without a warrant and introduced as evidence.
Searches Incident to Arrest
California vs. Greenwood
No reasonable expectation of privacy in regards to our garbage.
Katz vs. US (1967)
reasonable expectation of privacy
Exclusionary Rule and Fruit of the Poisoned Tree
Evidence that is acquired through the use of illegally obtained evidence, will not be a inadmissible in court.
Sources of Probable Cause
1. Personal observation
1. Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures
2. The requirement of probable cause
the practice of targeting people for police action based solely on their race, ethnicity, or national origin
Elements of Ethics "Duty"
The values and perceptions that are shared by members of a police department and, to a certain extent, by all law enforcement agents.
Element of Discretion
a metaphorical term used to refer to the value placed on secrecy and the general mistrust of true outside world shared by many police officers.
Concentrated areas of high criminal activity that draw a directed police response.
An informant known to the police but whose identity is held in confidence.
the application of science to establish facts and evidence during the instigation.
a person who investigates crimes and gathers information
Emphasizes community support for and cooperation with the police in preventing crime
Purpose of Patrol
The deterrence of crime by maintaining a visible police presence
The maintenance of public order and a sense of security in the community
The 24 hour provision of services that are not crime related
Reactive and Proactive Arrest
Directed, Random, & Incident driven patrol
Incident: a reactive approach to policing that emphasizes a speedy response to calls of service.
Random: Relies on police monitoring a certain area with the goal of deterring crimes in progress
Direct: forces on a Specific type of criminal negativity in a special geo area.
Chimel v. California (1969)
Supreme Court decision that endorsed warrantless searches for weapons and evidence in the immediate vicinity of people who are lawfully arrested IN ARMS LENGTH
Rolando V. Del Carmen Elements needed for an Arrest
1. intent to arrest
2. the authority to arrest
3. seizures or detention
4. understanding of person that they are under arrest.
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