Domestic Issues of the 1960s
Terms in this set (42)
John F. Kennedy
1960; Democrat; Cold War: Bay of Pigs, Cuban Missile Crisis; established the Peace Corps, domestic program called the "New Frontier," promoted civil rights, major supporter of the space program; assassintated by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963
a policy, developed during the Kennedy administration, that involved preparing for a variety of military responses to international crises rather than focusing on the use of nuclear weapons
Bay of Pigs
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
Cuban Missile Crisis
an international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later.
succeeded Stalin as a premier of the Soviet Union
Occurred when the countries controlling the zones in western Germany decided to unite them; Stalin had other plans.
President John F. Kennedy's legislative program, which included proposals to provide medical care for the elderly, to rebuild blighted urban areas, to aid education, to bolster the national defense, to increase international aid, and to expand the space program
an agency established in 1961 to provide volunteer assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
Lee Harvey Oswald
On November 22, 1963, he assassinated President Kennedy who was riding downtown Dallas, Texas. Oswald was later shot in front of television cameras by Jack Ruby.
1963-1969, Democrat , signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy families. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
War on Poverty
President Lyndon B. Johnson's program in the 1960's to provide greater social services for the poor and elderly
President Lyndon B. Johnson's program to reduce poverty and racial injustice and to promote a better quality of life in the United States
a federal program that provides hospital insurance and low-cost medical insurance to Americans aged 65 and over
a program that provides health insurance for people on welfare
Immigration Act of 1965
a law that increased the number of immigrants allowed to settle in the United States
Plessy v. Ferguson
case in which the Supreme Court ruled that separation of the races in public accommodations was legal, thus establishing the "separate but equal" doctrine
an organization founded to promote full racial equality
national association for the advancement of colored people
American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor.
Brown v. Board of Education
a 1954 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that "separate but equal" education for black and white students was unconstitutional
court ordered desegregation at "all deliberate speed"
Little Rock Nine
1957 - Governor Faubus sent the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine Black students from entering Little Rock Central High School. Eisenhower sent in U.S. paratroopers to ensure the students could attend class.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
an attempt to desegregate buses in Montgomery. Rosa Parks and rest of black community boycott for 385 days-buses integrated and MLK launched
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery and so triggered the national civil rights movement
Martin Luther King, Jr.
1929-1968. Pivotal leader of the American Civil Rights movement. Non-violent leader, became youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his efforts to end segregation and racial discrimination. Led Montgomery Bus Boycott, helped found Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and led March on Washington in 1963 where he delivered "I have a Dream" speech.
an organization formed in 1957 by MLK and other leaders to work for civil rights through nonviolent means
an organization formed in 1960 to coordinate sit-ins and other protests and to give young blacks a larger role i the civil rights movement
an interracial group founded in 1942 by James Farmer to work against segregation in Northern cities
civil rights activists who rode buses through the South in the early 1960s to challenge segregation
brought attention to violence, led to civil rights bill
Civil Rights Act of 1964
a law that banned discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin, or religion in public places and most workplaces
a 1964 project to register African American voters in Mississippi
50 mile march from Selma to Montgomery to show up on state capital with thousands of people to demand voting rights. got support of SCLC and MLK
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a law that made it easier for African Americans to register to vote by eliminating discriminatory literacy tests and authorizing federal examiners to enroll voters denied at the local level
eliminated the poll tax as a prerequisite to vote in national elections.
African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. thought whites were cause of black problems. formed muslim organization and embarked on pilgrimage to Mecca
Nation of Islam
a religious group, popularly known as the Black Muslims, founded by Elijah Muhammad to promote black separatism and the Islamic religion
a black civil rights activist in the 1960's. Leader of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee. He did a lot of work with Martin Luther King Jr.but later changed his attitude. Carmichael urged giving up peaceful demonstrations and pursuing black power. He was known for saying,"black power will smash everything Western civilization has created."
a militant African-American political orginization formed in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale to fight police brutality and to ptovide services in the ghetto
a slogan used by Stokely Carmichael in the 1960s that encouraged African-American pride and political and social leadership
Civil Rights Act of 1968
a law that banned discrimination in housing
a group that was appointed by President Johnson to study the causes of urban violence and that recommended the elimination of de facto segregation in American society
a policy that seeks to correct the effects of past discrimination by favoring the groups who were previously disadvantaged
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