How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

35 terms

BIO ANTHRO PART 1

STUDY
PLAY
Hominidae
bipedal and large-brained
Hominids have been evolving for
6 million years
Biological Anthropology is derived from
human biology and primatology
The Subfields of Bio Anthro
Paleoanthropology, Skeletal Biology and Osteology, Paleopathology, and Forensic Anthropology
Paleoanthropology
the study of the fossil records of ancestral humans and their primate kin
cultural anthropology
includes ethnology, linguistics and archaeology
the "Scopes Monkey Trial" took places in
1925
In the "Scopes Monkey Trial"
John Scopes was accused of illegally teaching evolution in a small town in Tennessee
In the Scientific Method, after the hypothesis is the
observation
In the Scientific Method, after the experiment is the
hypothesis
paradigm
a conceptual framework useful for understanding a body of evidence
The idea of the fixity of species was a norm in the
the Middle Ages
The rediscovering of the knowledge of the ancient Greeks, the first circumnavigation of the globe and the discovery of the New World occurred in
the Renaissance
polygenism
ancient belief that people are derived from multiple creations
monogenism
belief that people are derived from a single creation
Carlos Linnaeus
created a comprehensive taxonomy
taxonomy
biological classification
binomial nomenclature
Liannaean naming system for all organisms, consisting of a genus and a species label
Comte de Buffon
observed that animals that migrate to new climates often change in response to their new environments
Georges Cuvier
opposed modern evolutionary theory for the concept of catastrophism
catastrophism
theory that there have been multiple creations interspersed by great natural disasters such as Noah's flood
Geoffrey Saint-Hilaire
strong advocate for evolutionary change- supported Lamarck
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
proposed the theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics
lysenkoism
soviet-era research program that tried to apply Lamarckism thinking to agricultural production
James Hutton
coined uniformitarianism
uniformitarianism
theory that the same geological processes we observe today was operating in the past
Charles Darwin
gentlemen naturalist aboard the HMS Beagle
adaptive radiation
the diversification of one founding species into multiple species and niches
natural selection
differential reproductive success over multiple generations
Alfred Russel Wallace
determined his own variation of evolutionary theory that paralleled Darwin's- but Darwin's went public first
population
interbreeding group of organisms
mutation
alteration in the DNA which may or may not alter function of a cell. If it occurs in a gamete, it may be passed on one generation to the next
Origin of Species was published in ______ and immediately sold out
1859
creation science
a creationist attempt to refute the evidence of evolution
intelligent design
a creationist school of thought that proposes that natural selection cannot account for the diversity and complexity of form and function seen in nature