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Milady's Esthetics Chapter 11 Disorders & Diseases
Terms in this set (100)
Chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands with comedones and blemishes. Results from retained oil secretions, cells and excessive Propionibacterium.
Genetics/hereditary, Clogged follicles, Bacteria, Hormones, Stress, Cosmetics, Skin care products and Foods
Hormones, Stress, Cosmetics/products, Comedogenic ingredients, Food, Climate, Sun, Friction, Medications and Irritations including wearing hats, pillows, and makeup brushes.
Acne: Grade I
Minor breakouts, mostly open comedones (blackheads), some closed comedones (whiteheads) and a few papules.
Acne: Grade II
Many closed comedones (whiteheads), more open comedones (blackheads) and occasional papules and pustules.
Acne: Grade III
Red and inflamed, many comedones, papules and pustules.
Acne: Grade IV
Cystic acne. Cysts with comedones, papules, pustules, and inflammation are present. Scar formation from tissue damage is common.
Good skin care treatments, quality products, proper nutrition and medications for grades 3 and 4.
Disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions, causing scarring and discoloration. Secondary Lesion.
Pink or flesh-colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough; resulting from sun damage.
Primary, Secondary and Tertiary (Vascular)
In the early stages of development or change. Characterized by flat, nonpalpable changes in skin color or by elevations formed by fluid in a cavity. Disorders include: Bulla, Cyst, Macule, Nodule (tumor), Papule, Pustule, Tubercle, Tumor, Wheal, Urticaria, and Vesicle.
Skin damage, developed in the later stages of disease and change the structure of tissues and organs. Disorders include: Crust, Excoriation, Acne Excoriee, Fissure, Keloid, Scale, Scar, and Ulcers.
Sebaceous Gland Disorders
Acne, Asteatosis, Comedones, Furuncle (boil), Carbuncle, Milia, Sebaceous Hyperplasia, Seborrhea, Seborrheic Dermatitis, and Steatoma.
Sudoriferous Gland Disorders
Anhidrosis, Bromhidrosis, Hyperhidrosis and Miliaria Rubra
Inflammations of the Skin
Disorders include: Dermatitis, Atopic Dermatitis, Contact Dermatitis, Perioral Dermatitis, Eczema, Edema, Erythema, Folliculitis, Pruritis, Psoriasis and Urticaria
Involving the blood (hemoglobin) or circulatory system. Disorders include: Rosacea, Telangiectasia (distended blood vessels), and Vericose Veins.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Caused by exposure and direct skin contact to an allergen. Occurs when immune system mistakes a substance for a toxic one and initiates defense. Can result into hypersensitivity from repeated exposure.
Irritant Contact Dermatitis
Caused by exposure to caustic (corrosive) chemicals. In acute cases, symptoms are noticed immediately or within just a few hours. Chronic cases may be delayed reactions that take weeks, months or years to develop. Symptoms range from redness, swelling, scaling, and itching to serious, painful chemical burns.
Referred to as Dyschromia. Sun exposure is the most common external cause. Drugs are a common internal cause.
Overproduction of pigment. Disorders include: Chloasma, Lentigo, Melasma, Nevus, Stain, and Tan.
Absence of pigment, resulting in light or white splotches. Disorders include: Albinism, Leukoderma, and Vitiligo.
Abnormal growths. Disorders include: Actinic keratosis, Hyperkeratosis, Keratoma, Keratosis, Keratosis pilaris, Mole, Skin tag and Verruca.
Thickening of tissue.
Aka infectious and communicable. Do not perform services on anyone with these conditions, such as Conjunctivitis, Herpes Simplex Virus 1 & 2, Herpes Zoster, Impetigo, Tinea, Tinea Corporis and Wart.
Aka pityriasis versicolor, noncontagious fungal infection that inhibits melanin production. Characterized by white, brown or salmon-colored flaky patches from yeast on the skin.
Risk increases with cumulative UV sun exposure. Caused by damage to DNA. Tumors form when cells begin to divide rapidly and unevenly. 1 in 5 Americans will get it.
ABCDEs of Melanoma Detection
Asymmetry (two sides not identical), Border (irregular border), Color (usually dark, have more than one color), Diameter (pencil eraser or bigger), Evolving (often changes in appearance)
Absence of melanin pigment, including skin, hair and eyes; technical term is congenital leukoderma or congenital hypopigmentation.
Deficiency in perspiration, often a result of a fever or skin disease, requires medical treatment. Sudoriferous Gland Disorder.
Dry, scaly skin from sebum deficiency, which can be due to aging, body disorders, alkalies of harsh soaps, or cold exposure. Sebaceous Gland Disorder.
Excess inflammation; dry skin, redness, and itching from allergies and irritants.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Most common and least severe type of skin cancer, which often appears as light, pearly nodules; characterized by open sores, reddish patches, or a smooth growth with an elevated border.
Foul-smelling perspiration, usually in the armpits or on the feet.
A non-inflamed build-up of cells, sebum and other debris inside follicles. Sebaceous Gland Disorder.
Acne Drug Side Effects
Drying, redness, irritation, photosensitivity, birth defects, and possible depression.
Large blister containing watery fluid; similar to a vesicle but larger. Primary Lesion.
Closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, infection or other matter above or below the skin. Primary Lesion.
Flat spot or discoloration of the skin, freckle. Neither raised nor sunken. Primary Lesion.
Aka tumors, smaller bumps caused by conditions such as scar tissue, fatty deposits, or infections. Primary Lesion.
Pimple; small elevation that contains no fluid but may develop pus. Primary Lesion.
Raised, inflamed papule with a white or yellow center containing pus in the top of the lesion referred to as the head of the pimple. Primary Lesion.
Abnormal rounded, solid lump; larger than a papule. Primary Lesion.
Large nodule; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive cell multiplication and varying in size, shape and color.
Itchy, swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy reaction, or stings such as hives and mosquito bites. Primary Lesion.
Hives caused by an allergic reaction from the body's histamine production. Primary Lesion.
Small blister or sac containing clear fluid. Poison Ivy and poison oak can produce these. Primary Lesion.
Dead cells form over a wound or blemish while it is healing, resulting in an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material. Example: scab on a sore. Secondary Lesion.
Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping. Secondary Lesion.
Crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis, such as chapped lips or hands. Secondary Lesion.
Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue (collagen). Hypertrophic Scar. Secondary Lesion.
Flaky skin cells; any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily. Example: dandruff. Secondary Lesion.
Discolored, slightly raised mark formed after an injury or lesion has healed. Secondary Lesion.
Open lesion on skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth. A deep erosion; a depression in the skin, normally due to infection or cancer. Secondary Lesion.
Persistent itching, inflammation. Sebaceous Gland Disorder.
Aka boil; a subcutaneous abscess filled with pus; caused by bacteria in the glands or hair follicles. Sebaceous Gland Disorder.
Cluster of boils; large inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue caused by staphylococci bacterium; similar to furuncle but larger. Sebaceous Gland Disorder.
Epidermal cysts; small, firm papules with no visible opening; whitish, pearl-like masses of sebum and dead cells under the skin. More common in dry skin types and may form after skin trauma, such as laser resurfacing. Sebaceous Gland Disorder.
Appear similar to open comedones; often donut-shaped with an indention in the center. Benign lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face. Sebaceous Gland Disorder.
Sebaceous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum; ranges in sized from a pea to an orange. Usually appears on the scalp, neck and back; aka wen. Sebaceous Gland Disorder.
Severe oiliness of the skin; hypersecretion of sebum from the sebaceous glands.
Common form of eczema, mainly affects oily areas; characterized by inflammation, scaling and/or itching. Sebaceous Gland Disorder.
Any inflammatory condition of the skin; various forms of lesions such as eczema, vesicles, or papules. Three main categories: Atopic, Contact and Seborrheic.
Acne-like condition around the mouth, these are mainly small clusters of papules that could be cause by toothpaste or products used on the face.
Inflammatory, painful itching or disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature, dry or moist lesions. Seborrheic Dermatitis.
Swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or a response to injury, infection or medication. Inflammation.
Redness of the skin caused by inflammation; a red lesion is erythemic.
Inflammation of hair follicles caused by a bacterial infection from ingrown hairs.
Chronic skin disease characterized by red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery, scales caused by excessive development of skin cells. Immune dysfunction could be the cause. Inflammation.
Vascular lesions; dilated and twisted veins, most commonly in the legs.
Dilated superficial blood vessels. Vascular Lesion.
Chronic condition that produces redness, tiny pimples, and broken blood vessels on the face. Vascular Lesion.
Increased pigmentation in spots that are not elevated, aka liver spots.
Very contagious infection of the mucous membranes around the eye; chemical, bacterial or viral causes. Aka pinkeye.
Freckles; small yellow-brown macules, especially on the face and arms, Lentigenes that result from sun exposure, are actinic or solar. Hyperpigmentation.
Condition of the skin that is triggered by hormones; causes darker pigmentation in areas such as on the upper lip and around the eyes and cheeks. Hyperpigmentation.
Birthmark; malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries.
Abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape. Hyperpigmentation.
Increase in pigmentation due to the melanin production that results from UV exposure. Melanin is designed to protect against UV radiation.
Skin condition characterized by light abnormal patches; caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells. Hypopigmentation.
Pigmentation disease; white, irregular patches of skin that are totally lacking pigment.
Thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells (keratinocytes). Hypertrophy.
Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis commonly known as callus, caused by pressure or friction on the hands and feet. Hypertrophy.
Redness and bumpiness in the cheeks or upper arms; caused by blocked follicles. Hypertrophy.
Aka wart; hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis caused by a virus. It is infectious and contagious. Wear gloves to avoid contact.
Herpes Simplex Virus 1
Fever blisters or cold sores; recurring, contagious viral infection. Blisters usually appear on the lips or nostrils.
Herpes Simplex Virus 2
Genital herpes that can spread to other areas of the body or to others.
Aka Shingles, which are a reactivation of the chickenpox virus.
Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture; extremely contagious.
Contagious condition caused by fungal infection that feed on proteins, carbs and lipids in the skin; not a parasite.
Contagious fungal infection of the skin, that forms a ringed, red pattern with elevated edges. AKA ring worm.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma; often characterized by open sores or crusty areas that do not heal and bleed easily. Can grow and spread in the body.
Most serious form of skin cancer; often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised. Can be tan or white.
Hereditary tendency for acne-prone skin to retain dead cells in the follicle.
Small, solidified impactions of oil without the cell matter; filaments block the follicle and can cause acne breakout.
Excessive sweating caused by heat, genetics, medications or medical conditions; aka diaphoresis. Sudoriferous Gland Disorder.
Aka prickly heat; Acute inflammatory disorder resulting in the eruption of red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excessive heat exposure. Sudoriferous Gland Disorder.
Pigmented nevus; a brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black. Some are flat, resembling freckles; others are raised and darker. Hypertrophy.
Small benign outgrowths; common under the arms or on the neck. Hypertrophy.
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