30 terms

AP US History Chapter 24

Land grants
Federally owned acreage granted to the railroad companies in order to encourage the building of rail lines
Union Pacific Railroad
The original transcontinental railroad
Commissioned by Congress
Built west of Omaha
Central Pacific Railroad
The California-based railroad
A lot of Chinese labor
Headed by Leland Stanford
Northern Pacific Railroad
Northernmost transcontinental railroad
Organized by James J. Hill
Stock Watering
Dishonest device in which railroad promoters artificially inflated the price of their stocks and bonds
Huse vs. Glover
Supreme Court case of 1886
Prevented states from regulating railroads
Prevented other forms of interstate commerce
Interstate Commerce Commission
Federal regulatory agency often used by rail companies to stabilize the industry and prevent ruinous competition
Late-nineteenth-century invention
Revolutionized communication and created a large new industry relying heavily on female workers
Standard Oil
First of the great industrial trusts
Organized a principle of horizontal integration
U.S. Steel
The first billion-dollar American corporation
Organized when J.P. Morgan bought out Andrew Carnegie
New South
The technologically advanced industrial South
Colored National Labor Union
Black labor organization that briefly flourished in the late 1860s
Knights of Labor
Secret, ritualistic labor organization
Enrolled both skilled and unskilled workers
Collapsed after the Haymarket Square bombing
Skilled Labor Organizations
Ex: Carpenter organizations
American Federation of Labor
Labor group for SKILLED workers
Leland Stanford
Former governor of California
Ivy League donator of the West
Central Pacific Railroad
Russel Conwell
Pro-business clergyman
"Acres of Diamonds" speech-criticized the poor
James J. Hill
Railroad builder
Felt dedicated to the public
Northern Pacific Railroad
Cornelius Vanderbuilt
Creator of the New York Central rail line
Considered the law an obstacle to success
Charles Dana Gibson
Magazine illustrator who showed the athletic, independent woman
Alexander Graham Bell
Former teacher of the deaf
Inventor of the telephone
Thomas Edison
Electric light
The Phonograph
The Motion Picture
Andrew Carnegie
Steel industry leader
Scottish immigrant
Vertical Integration
John D. Rockefeller
Owner of Standard Oil
Trust builder based on Horizontal Integration
J.P. Morgan
A rich banker
Bought out Carnegie Steel Company
Created the United States Steel Corporation
Henry Grady
Southern newspaper editor
Promoted industrialization as the salvation of the economically backward South
Terence V. Powderly
Leader of the Knights of Labor
William Graham Sumner
Intellectual defender of laissez-faire capitalism
Argued that the wealthy owed NOTHING to the poor
John P. Altged
Illinois governor who pardoned the Haymarket anarchists
Samuel Gompers
Organizer of the AF of L
Advocated more wages for skilled workers