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World History Chapter 3 Topics
Terms in this set (14)
the release from the cycle of rebirth impelled by the law of karma
a state where there is neither suffering, desire, nor sense of self, and the final subject is released from the effects of karma. The final goal of Buddhism
where God is the source for one standard of morality, who guides humanity through principles
believed that the land had been promised to them by god. were among the worlds earliest peoples to believe in ONE god. followed the ten commandments. god promised them if they followed these rules, they would protect them.
they rode two-wheeled chariots and used iron weapons to conquer the area that is now Turkey. They moved farther and took the ancient lands of Mesopotamia. When they moved, they both were not able to defeat each other so they decided to make piece. ruled the southeast Asia empire.
capable of producing iron tools, weapons, and ornamental objects. it was the discovery that rocks can melt. made strong weapons that helped them excel at war
another religions that arose from India. he believed that ever creature in the world has a soul. people must be sure not to harm any creature.
they controlled trade in their area and sent fine pottery, swords, and metal drinking cups to other lands. they sent other countries their style of art and architecture. their style later had an influence on art in Greece.
received the ten commandments from god. after he dies, the people finally reached Palestine and settled down.
they put colonies all along the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea. trades such goods as wine, weapons, metals, ivory, slaves, and object made from wood and glass. They made purple dye that was highly valued
divides society into four. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. used to identify the hereditary roots of a person.
Their religion was Judaism. It is a monotheistic where it only worships one god. they believed in prophets who sent messages form god. they had two duties; to worship god and to deal with fair and just consequences. Instead of being a part of life run by priests who followed certain rituals, it was now a matter of each person living a moral life.
Hinduism is a collection of religious beliefs that form no one system. it was not founded by one single person. it was a religion that allowed a great variety for its followers.
they believed that each person has a soul. However, there is no soul larger than the other called Brahman that brings together all the individual souls.
A persons goal is to become free of desire and not bothered by suffering. Hindus believes that the soul is born again into another body after death called reincarnation.
new teachings were the four noble truths: life is filled with suffering, suffering is caused by people pursuing and immediate pleasures of the world, the way to end all suffering is to end all desires, and the way to end all desires is to follow the Eight fold Path leading to nirvana.
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