WH S.2 Chapter 24
Terms in this set (39)
How did the industrial revolution lead to western nations dominating the world?
Western nations had experienced advances in science, technology, and medicine, which gave them a sense of superiority.
What factors contributed to European imperialism in the 1800's?
European nations had gained power and became centered by strong central governments and strong, wealthy economies.
How did western imperialism spread through Africa and Asia so quickly?
Non-western empires were weak and in decline. they also lacked the advanced technology of the western empires.
How did people oppose imperialism?
People tried to fight off invaders or tried to reform religious traditions to strengthen their society.
Compare and contrast how Britain and France ruled their colonies.
France directly controlled all their colonies but Britain was more indirect.
A protectorate was a local ruler left in place but was expected to follow European rule.
Define sphere of influence.
The sphere of influence was an area in which and outside power claimed control of.
What factors shaped each of the main regions of Africa during the early 1800's?
Africa was rich with natural resources so people gravitated towards these resources when they were settling.
What were two main forces of change in Africa before imperialism spread?
There was a rebirth of Islam that spread through Africa. And I suck at answering questions soooo f**k this shizzz....
why were explorers and missionaries held in high regard by Europeans?
Explorers explored potential colonies and claimed said colonies for their home land.
Why did European countries want to control certain area.
cause they were selfish bastards.
How was western imperialism source of stress in Muslim regions of the world?
Western countries looked to take over Muslim counties, which caused their leaders stress cause they didn't want to lose control. Different religions.
How did this stress affect Muslim reform movements?
this stress caused people to challenge their trust in their leaders which caused them to rebel.
Describe two problems that contributed to Ottoman decline.
Ideas of nationalism that spread form the west caused internal revolts which weakened the multiethnic empire. Also other imperialist countries started stealing territories from the weakened empire.
Describe the Armenian genocide.
Tensions caused by nationalism triggered the brutal genocide, or the deliberate attempt to destroy a racial group, of the Christian Armenian.
How did Britain gain control of the Suez canal?
the man who built the canal was unable to pay back the loans he took out, so he sold his shares of the canal, which the British then bought.
Why was the Suez canal so important to European powers, particularly to Britain?
The Suez canal created easier access form the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean.
How did Egypt fall under British control?
Egyptian nationalists were discontent, which eventually lead to protests and riots.
Why did Russia and Britain compete for power in Persia?
Russia wanted to protect their southern interests and expand into central Asia. Britain wanted to protect their interests in India.
Why did cultural conflict arise from foreign intervention in Persia?
nationalists in Persia were divided into two Radically different groups, which caused conflict between the two groups and in between the two groups and the invading western imperialist countries.
How did the British exploit Indian diversity?
As the Mughals lost control India became fragmented again. The British took these fragmented groups of people and turned them against one another. They took advantage of the turmoil and used diplomacy and weapons to over power local rulers.
What changes did the east India company bring to India?
The company brought changes like improved roads and education.
How could the Sepoy rebellion be interpreted as resulting from British feelings of superiority?
The British just took control and assumed that they had control of India and over making laws. All the laws forcing the Sepoys to do different things angered them cause Britain just took power like they were superior.
Why was the Sepoy rebellion so violent and bein?
The British's laws regarding Sepoys went against a lot of their fundamental Hindu beliefs and being forced to change beliefs caused lots of hatred, which lead to the violence of the rebellion.
What were the positive and negative effects of British rule on Indians?
A positive effect was that India became more western and modern, but it also created negative feelings towards the British.
How did British rule lead to famine?
The British brought new medical and farming techniques which caused a population growth that couldn't be supported cause the British had forced Indian farmers to only grow cash crops.
How did Indians and British view each other's culture in the 1800's?
British viewed them as inferior and for the most part just dismissed them. Indians admired their education system and their technology.
How are the origins of Indian nationalism linked to British rule?
The Indian nationalists had received a western education, which was brought to them by the British, so they dreamed of democracy and equality.
What did British traders hope to achieve by continuing to trade opium with China?
The Chinese became addicted to the drug so they were always prepared to trade their tea for any amount of opium.
How did British trade with China trigger the opium wars?
The Chinese government outlawed opium and asked the British to stop trade, but the British refused .
What were the results of the Opium war?
Britain made China accept the treaty of Naning which pretty much damaged China and benefitted British citizens.
How did the Taiping rebellion and other internal problems weaken the Qing dynasty?
Irrigation systems and canals were poorly maintained, leading to massive flooding of the Huang Valley, and a population explosion created poverty.
How did European powers take advantage of the Taiping rebellion?
Europeans kept up pressure on China, and Russia seized lands in the north.
Why was China so resistant to western influence?
western ways, missionaries, and technology challenged the Confucian order and they threatened Confucian ways that had worked for so long.
what were the goals of Chinese reforms?
Reformers wanted to westernize China, but they failed because they lacked government support.
Why were the Japanese and European powers able to carve up spheres of influence?
Japan and European powers took advantage of the fact that China had failed to modernize and adopt new technologies to start taking control.
How did the Boxer rebellion topple the Qing dynasty?
The failure of the Boxer rebellion forced even the conservatives to except western ideas and concessions had to be made to foreigners.
What reforms were instituted after the uprising?
Reforms made China admit women to schools where science and math were stressed.
What were the three principles of the people?
The three principles of the people were nationalism, democracy, and livelihood.