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25 terms

skeleton vocabulary

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cartilage
tough elastic tissue
ossification
the developmental process of bone formation
axial skeleton
the part of the skeleton that includes the skull and spinal column and sternum and ribs
appendicular skeleton
the part of the skeleton that includes the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle and the upper and lower limbs
ligament
a sheet or band of tough fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages or supporting muscles or organs
hinge joint
a joint allowing movement in one plane only
pelvis
a structure shaped like a funnel in the outlet of the kidney into which urine is discharged before passing into the ureter
patella
a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint
calcaneus
the largest tarsal bone
phalanges
located at the tip of the finger.
carpal bones
proximal + distal carpal bones
fibula
the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle
tibia
the inner and thicker of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle
femur
the longest and thickest bone of the human skeleton
tendon
a cord or band of inelastic tissue connecting a muscle with its bony attachment
pivot joints
the joints of the wrist
mandible
the lower jawbone in vertebrates
tarsal bone
any bone of the tarsus
metatarsal
any bone of the foot between the ankle and the toes
metacarpal bones
bones I - V with I articulating with thumb
lumbar vertebrae
vertebrae of the lower back region
cervical vertebrae
vertebrae of the neck region
clavicle
bone linking the scapula and sternum
thoracic vertebrae
vertebrae of the chest
scapula
either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings