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Psychology Unit 1 Study Guide
Terms in this set (23)
Basic Nerve Cell. Responsible for basic communication cells in the body. The Phone
The chemical released at the end of neurons that send specific messages sent to different parts of the body. The text msg
What's the main purpose of the Central Nervous System?
Help control organs
What is the difference between the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic system?
Sympathetic is fight or flight while parasympathetic is rest and digest
fight or flight. Activated as we go into action increasing heart rate, elevating blood pressure and triggering our adrenaline.
Rest and Digest. Helps restore body back to homeostasis(a normal state).
What does the Autonomic nervous system control?
involuntary actions such as breathing, blood pressure, and heart rate
What is a hormone? What are their effects on behavior?
Stimulate growth and change activity level and physical/emotion reactions. EX: Pituitary & adrenal gland
What is the difference between a hormone and a neurotransmitter?
A hormone controls growth, development and reproduction while a neurotransmitter simply sends messages from one cell to another.
Endocrine glands that release adrenaline when stimulated by the sympathetic nervous system
non-verbal learning and memory and fine motor skills.
regulates hunger, thirst, and temperature. Keeps body steady
central to learning and memory
responsible for emotions
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of the body
responsible for allowing the two hemispheres of the brain to communicate with each other and share information
responsible for speech, planning, judgment, abstract thinking and personal aspects
Receives information related to vision
Responsible for sense of touch and body position
receives information related to comprehension, sound and speech
What is the biological explanation for why teenagers make poor decisions?
Teenager's amygdala's are more sensitive and reactive making them more emotional and embrace riskier decisions.
What is the effect of concussions and CTE on the brain?
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