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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Anterior pituitary
  2. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (THS)
  3. Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH)
  4. Glucocorticoids
  5. Antidiuretic Hormone
  1. a called the Adenohypophysis, consists of three areas with indistinct boundaries (pars distalis, pars intermedia, and pars tuberalis)
  2. b Zona fasciculata, Cortisol is major hormone that increases fat and protein breakdown, increases glucose synthesis, anti-inflammatory response (cortosone shot!)
  3. c Posterior Pituitary. Also called vasopressin, promotes water retention by kidneys. Secretion rate changes in response to alterations in blood osmolality and blood volume. Lack of ADH secretion is a cause of diabetes insipidus
  4. d Anterior Pituitary. Increases skin pigmentation
  5. e Anterior Pituitary. Also called Thyrotropin. Causes release of thyroid hormones from thyroid gland. Controlled by TRH from hypothalamus and thyroid hormones from the thyroid gland

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Reseased from the thymus, plays an important role in development and maturation of the immune system
  2. Decreasing blood glucose levels. Sympathetic stimulation causes decreased insulin secretion, increase glucagon secretion, increase in GH, cortisol, and epinephrine secretion.
  3. Pancreas. Secreted by Beta cells. Target tissues: liver, adipose tissue, muscle, and satiety center of hypothalamus. Increases uptake of glucose and amino acids by cells. (in order to decrease blood glucose levels!)
  4. Metabolism and tissue maturation, Ion regulation, Water balance, Immune system regulation, Heart rate and blood pressure regulation, Control of blood glucose and other nutrients, Control of reproductive functions and secondary sex characteristics, Uterine contractions and milk release
  5. In epithalamus. Produces Melatonin- enhances sleep, immune response. and Arginine Vasotocin- regulates function of reproductive system in some animals

5 True/False questions

  1. Prolonged exerciseAnterior Pituitary. stimulates milk production in lactating females


  2. OxytocinReseased from the thymus, plays an important role in development and maturation of the immune system


  3. Diabetes MellitusResults from inadequate secretion of insulin or inability of tissues to respond to insulin. Type I or IDDM (insulin dependent) develops in young people resulting from diminished insulin secretion. Type II or NIDDM (non-insulin dependent) develops in people older than 40-45 and is more common (obesity), results from the inability of tissues to respond to insulin.


  4. Thyroxine and triiodothyronineMade from the amino acid, tyrosine. Require iodine for their synthesis. Are transported in the blood by thyroxine-binding globulin, are involved in the regulation of metabolism


  5. HyperthyroidismIncreased metabolic rate, Weight loss, increased appetite, Warm flushed skin, Weak muscles that exhibit tremors, Exophthalmos, Hyperactivity, insomnia, Soft smooth hair and skin, Increased iodide uptake, Almost always develops goiter