5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Prolonged exercise
- Pituitary gland
- Growth Hormone (GH)
- Adrenal Cortex Hormones
- a Anterior Pituitary. Stimulates uptake of amino acids and conversion into proteins. Stimulates breakdown of fats and glycogen. Promotes bone and cartilage growth. Increased secretion in response to increase in amino acids, low blood glucose, or stress. Regulated by GHRH and GHIH or somatostatin
- b Both GH and cortisol secretion increase. Blood glucose levels maintained!
- c Also called hypophyis, secretes 9 major hormones
- d Mineralocorticoids, Glucocorticoids, and Androgens
- e Reseased from the thymus, plays an important role in development and maturation of the immune system
5 Multiple choice questions
- called the Adenohypophysis, consists of three areas with indistinct boundaries (pars distalis, pars intermedia, and pars tuberalis)
- Sympathetic stimulation increases epinephrine and glucagone secretion and inhibits insulin secretion. Muscle, liver, and adipose tissue help maintain blood glucose levels.
- Disorders of the adrenal medulla that are tumors. Result of exvessive production of epinephrine and roepinephrine. Symptoms are high blood pressure, sweating, nervousness, pallor, and tachycardia (rapid heart rate).
- Increased metabolic rate, Weight loss, increased appetite, Warm flushed skin, Weak muscles that exhibit tremors, Exophthalmos, Hyperactivity, insomnia, Soft smooth hair and skin, Increased iodide uptake, Almost always develops goiter
- Pancreas. Secreted by Alpha cells. Target tissue is liver. Causes breakdown of glycogen and fats for glucose energy. Increases glucose synthesis in liver. (to increase blood glucose levels!)
5 True/False questions
Hypothyroidism → Increased metabolic rate, Weight loss, increased appetite, Warm flushed skin, Weak muscles that exhibit tremors, Exophthalmos, Hyperactivity, insomnia, Soft smooth hair and skin, Increased iodide uptake, Almost always develops goiter
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) → Parathyroid gland. Also called Parathormone. Targets bones, kidneys, and intestine. Increases blood calcium levels by stimulating osteoclast activity, increases phosphate release from bone but also increases excretion in the kidney to decrease blood phosphate levels.
Pituitary gland & Hypothalamus → Where nervous and endocrine systems interact
Insulin → Pancreas. Secreted by Beta cells. Target tissues: liver, adipose tissue, muscle, and satiety center of hypothalamus. Increases uptake of glucose and amino acids by cells. (in order to decrease blood glucose levels!)
Glucocorticoids → Zona fasciculata, Cortisol is major hormone that increases fat and protein breakdown, increases glucose synthesis, anti-inflammatory response (cortosone shot!)