5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
- Luteinizing hormong (LH) and Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
- a Anterior Pituitary. Both hormones regulate production of gametes and reproductive hormones. Testosterone in males. Estrogen and progesterone in females. GnRH from hypothalamus stimulates their secretion
- b Parathyroid gland. Also called Parathormone. Targets bones, kidneys, and intestine. Increases blood calcium levels by stimulating osteoclast activity, increases phosphate release from bone but also increases excretion in the kidney to decrease blood phosphate levels.
- c Produced by many tissues of the body, is an autocrine and paracrine regulatory substance. Promotes inflammation, pain, vasodilation of blood vessels, and is inhibited by aspirin.
- d Anterior Pituitary. Also called Adrenocorticotropin. Stimulates the secretion of hormones from adrenal cortex.
- e Pancreas. Secreted by Beta cells. Target tissues: liver, adipose tissue, muscle, and satiety center of hypothalamus. Increases uptake of glucose and amino acids by cells. (in order to decrease blood glucose levels!)
5 Multiple choice questions
- Also called the suprarenal glands. Functions as part of sympathetic nervous system. Composed of medulla and cortex (3 layers- zona glomerulosa, fasciculata, and reticularis). Hormones- Medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine. Cortex secretes mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens
- Gradual decrease in secretory activity of some glands- GH, Melatonin, Thyroid hormones, Kidneys secrete less renin. Familial tendency to develop Type II diabetes.
- Zona fasciculata, Cortisol is major hormone that increases fat and protein breakdown, increases glucose synthesis, anti-inflammatory response (cortosone shot!)
- Anterior Pituitary. Play a role in analgesia in response to stress and exercise. Regulation of body temp, food intake, and water balance. Increase in response to stress and exercise.
- Mineralocorticoids, Glucocorticoids, and Androgens
5 True/False questions
Secreted by digestive tract → an extension of the nervous system and is called the neurohypophysis, continuous with the brain, secretes neurohormones
Somatostatin → Secreted by Delta cells. Inhibits both beta and alpha cells
Prolonged exercise → Produced by many tissues of the body, is an autocrine and paracrine regulatory substance. Promotes inflammation, pain, vasodilation of blood vessels, and is inhibited by aspirin.
Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH) → Anterior Pituitary. Also called Thyrotropin. Causes release of thyroid hormones from thyroid gland. Controlled by TRH from hypothalamus and thyroid hormones from the thyroid gland
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (THS) → Anterior Pituitary. Increases skin pigmentation