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World History Chapter 26
Brief Review for the Test in DeCrans.
Terms in this set (48)
When one country takes control of another country. They might then control the other's government, trade, or culture.
How did imperialism change in the 20th century?
Imperialism was not a new idea but during the 1900s modern nations were stronger as they had industrial weaponry.
What are the four types of control that imperial nations placed on foreign lands?
Settlement colony, dependent colony, protectorate, and sphere of influence.
These were large groups of people from one country were living together in a new country (The British in Australia).
A few European officials ruled the non-European people (India).
The local ruler kept his title. The Europeans however, really controlled the area (Puppet Government). Other nations were kept out.
Sphere of Influence
An area in which one nation had a special interest. Other nations agreed to respect those special interests (European countries all owning their own territories in Africa).
What three reasons do imperialist nations give for taking control of foreign land and peoples?
1. They wanted respect from other imperialist nations
2. The foreign lands were a source of troops
3. They wanted strategic lands for the navy and merchants
-Refueling stations (coal)
Competition for land will lead to world conflict.
Taking resources from another country.
What two economic reasons do imperialist nations give for taking over foreign lands
1. They needed raw materials so that they didn't have to rely on trade with other countries
2. They believed they could create new markets for their goods among the local people (shirts and ties in Africa).
What were the racist reasons for imperialism?
Many people from the west believed that it was their duty to spread western ideas to foreign countries because they believed that those countries that were different were lacking or inferior.
"White Man's Burden"
It sums up the belief that the savage (half devil, half child) should change, and that by imperializing them they were elping or improving them.
Wrote a "White Man's Burden."
What do some who oppose this overt racism say is the real reason for imperialism?
They believed that imperialists justified imperialism as a movement to better or improve the natives lives, even though it was solely for the money rather than the good of the natives.
What was the goal of the missionaries?
They hoped to convert people to Christianity and therefore save souls.
What did missionaries accomplish in foreign lands besides their religious goals?
They spread knowledge of medicine, hygiene, and sanitation
What negative effects would the missionaries have on the native people?
This would cause them to forget past culture and tradition.
Why does the Moroccan sultan ask the French to enter his country?
He believed that they could restore order to the country.
What type of resistance did the North Africans use?
Guerilla Warfare and hit and run tactics (ambush).
What "gentlemen's agreement" was made between the European nations regarding North African nations?
Great Britain, France, and Italy agree to divide North Africa among themselves.
Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Japan, and the U.S.
Explain the importance of the Suez Canal.
It allowed the British to access India easier, as they didn't have to sail around the Atlantic Coast of Africa.
What was Britain's plan for imperializing North Africa?
They wanted to control the Nile, the Suez Canal, and any other land of economic value.
The Fashoda Crisis
A dispute over Sudan between Great Britain and France. Both armies awaited orders to begin attacking each other. No battle occurs. France chooses not to fight because they believed it wasn't worth it.
What dos the Fashoda Crisis foreshadow?
World War One
Describe King Leopold II's treatment of the native people (The Congolese).
The king of Belgium takes over Congo. He used terror tactics to force the natives to work for him by extracting resources. If anyone refused to work he would kill a hostage he had taken. As a result of what happened fifty million were killed by famine because they were unable to tend to their crops or gather food as they worked long days.
The only U.S. colony in Africa; it was a slave colony set up for slaves who were freed.
Who originally fought with the Zulu for control of Southern Africa?
The Boers (Dutch settlers).
What excuse did Britain use for taking parts of southern Africa?
They claimed that the white settlers (Boers) were there first and therefore the land was for the whites.
Why was Cecil Rhodes so concerned about controlling southern Africa?
He wanted to control the diamond market.
British businessman, politician, and mine company owner.
What was Zimbabwe known as when it was occupied by the British.
What is the result of the Boer War, and what did it mean for non-white South Africans?
The Boers and British joined forces and took complete control after three years of fighting. It ended in a Apartheid. Britain funded the white South Africans to rebuild their farms and they were given voting rights. The non-white South Africans received no assistance or the right to vote.
Racial segregation of non-white South Africans and white South Africans.
Who controlled sub-Saharan Africa?
It is treating someone like they are a child. It gives a sense of inferiority (Europeans treated the Africans like they couldn't take care of themselves, they acted like they were inferior).
What advantages did imperialism provide Africa?
1. Better farming methods
2. Medicine and sanitation were improved
3. Infrastructure-roads and communications were left behind
What disadvantages did imperialism provide Africa?
1. Loss of culture through assimilation
2. Resources were lost, and irreplaceable
3. Native Africans were treated like second-class citizens in their own land
4. They still have effects of imperialism such as the fact that many European countries took advantage of their corruption.
To give up your own culture and completely adopt another one.
Why does Great Britain use the "divide and rule" method in India?
They can turn people and groups against each other. By doing this prevent the people from unifying against them.
Why is India so attractive to the British?
It had trade, labor, and natural resources.
Describe the new class system set up by Britain.
First class-British, lived in wealthy neighborhoods; Second class-native Indians, had very little rights.
Why was the Indian nationalism movement so hard to unify?
The divide and rule method pitted groups against each other to prevent them from unifying.
How did Japan industrialize so quickly?
Like Germany they used methods that were proven, and they sent people to learn western procedures.
What caused the Sin-Japanese War?
Japan feared that they would be imperialized so they looked to imperialize an area near Manchuria (Korea) that was under control of China.
What effects came from the Sino-Japanese War?
1. Korea becomes independent from China (liberated).
2. Japan was forced to trade with China
3. Japan gained control of Taiwan (Formosa) from the Treaty of Shimonoseki
Why did the British want parts of Southeast Asia?
They wanted a strategic are between India and other countries (an outpost to keep other countries away). They wanted to control trade, and influence the government(s).
Why did the French want parts of Southeast Asia?
They wanted to control the trade, and influence the region politically.
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