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Two consecutive lines of poetry that usually rhyme and have the same meter.

Heroic Couplet

A couplet written in rhymed iambic pentameter.


A three-line stanza.


A tercet in which all 3 lines rhyme.


A four-line stanza.

Ballad Stanza

A quatrain consisting of alternating eight- and six-syllable lines.


A fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter.

Italian Sonnet (Petrarchan)

A sonnet divided into an octave and a sestet.


A poetic stanza of eight lines, usually forming one part of a sonnet.


A stanza consisting of exactly six lines.

Shakespearean Sonnet (English)

A sonnet organized into three quatrains and a couplet.


A mournful, contemplative English poem written to commemorate someone who is dead, often ending in a consolation.


A relatively lengthy lyric poem that often expresses lofty emotions in a dignified style.

Free Verse

Refers to poems characterized by their nonconformity to established patterns of meter, rhyme, and stanza.

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