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Poetry Vocabulary Part 4

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Couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that usually rhyme and have the same meter.
Heroic Couplet
A couplet written in rhymed iambic pentameter.
Tercet
A three-line stanza.
Triplet
A tercet in which all 3 lines rhyme.
Quatrain
A four-line stanza.
Ballad Stanza
A quatrain consisting of alternating eight- and six-syllable lines.
Sonnet
A fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter.
Italian Sonnet (Petrarchan)
A sonnet divided into an octave and a sestet.
Octave
A poetic stanza of eight lines, usually forming one part of a sonnet.
Sestet
A stanza consisting of exactly six lines.
Shakespearean Sonnet (English)
A sonnet organized into three quatrains and a couplet.
Elegy
A mournful, contemplative English poem written to commemorate someone who is dead, often ending in a consolation.
Ode
A relatively lengthy lyric poem that often expresses lofty emotions in a dignified style.
Free Verse
Refers to poems characterized by their nonconformity to established patterns of meter, rhyme, and stanza.