process by which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strain of bacteria
kind of virus that infects bacteria
principle , principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
process of copying DNA prior to cell division
principle enzyme involved in dna replication
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes
the template for protein synthesis
single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose.
type of rna that carries each amino acid to a ribosome during protein synthesis
enzyme that produces rna
sequence of a eukaryotic gene's DNA that is not translated into a protein
sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures
a singular chain of amino acids
set of rules genetic material is read
base becomes protein
rna moecule that transfers amino acids to a polypeptide
info from a gene is synthesized of a functional gene product
changing genetic sequence
the replacment of a single nucleodide
A mutation occurring when the number of nucleotides inserted or deleted is not a multiple of three, resulting in the improper grouping of the following nucleotides into codons.
a chemical that changes genetic material
cells are changed into different types of cells
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