How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

23 terms

biology troy 9

STUDY
PLAY
transformation
process by which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strain of bacteria
bacteriophage
kind of virus that infects bacteria
base pairing
principle , principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
replication
process of copying DNA prior to cell division
DNA Polymerase
principle enzyme involved in dna replication
rna
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes
messenger rna
the template for protein synthesis
ribosomal rna
single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose.
transfer rna
type of rna that carries each amino acid to a ribosome during protein synthesis
rna polymerase
enzyme that produces rna
intron
sequence of a eukaryotic gene's DNA that is not translated into a protein
exon
sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures
polypeptide
a singular chain of amino acids
genetic code
set of rules genetic material is read
codon
genetic code
translation
base becomes protein
anticodon
rna moecule that transfers amino acids to a polypeptide
gene expression
info from a gene is synthesized of a functional gene product
mutation
changing genetic sequence
point mutation
the replacment of a single nucleodide
frameshift mutation
A mutation occurring when the number of nucleotides inserted or deleted is not a multiple of three, resulting in the improper grouping of the following nucleotides into codons.
mutagen
a chemical that changes genetic material
differentiation
cells are changed into different types of cells