Hoyle Final Part One

Classical Greece, Ancient Rome, Early Christianity, Byzantine Empire, and The Muslim World
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Terms in this set (...)

Mycenaean's ten year struggle with a city in Anatolia
Trojan War
He was a blind storyteller of Greece
Homer
A great poem set against the backdrop of the Trojan War
The Iliad
He was the ruler of the Greek gods who lived on Mount Olympus
Zeus
The type of government that existed in Sparta could be described as
an oligarchy
The geographical feature separated the different regions within Greece
mountains
These three peoples dominated Greece in this order
Mycenaeans--Dorians--Macedonians
In ancient Greece, a tyrant differed from other leaders in that he
seized power illegally
Why do archaeologists think the Trojan War actually took place?
an archaeologist discovered the possible remains of Troy
Which of the following fought the Peloponnesian War?
Athens and Sparta
Which of the following did Athens and Sparta have in common?
They were both city-states
They inspired the Mycenaean civilization
The Minoans
How did government in Athens evolve
From an aristocracy to a democracy
The Persian army that invaded Greece at Marathon in 490 B.C was led by
Darius the Great
After the Athenians won the Battle of Marathon, they sent this young runner to Athens to bring news of the victory so that the Athenians would not give up their city without a fight
Pheidippides
The distance from Marathon to Athens is
26 miles
The Peloponnesian War was won by
Sparta
Which form of government was ruled by all citizens?
Direct democracy
In which form of government did social status play a role?
Aristocracy
Which form of government does not involve rule by group?
Monarchy
The most severe restriction on democracy in Athens under Cleisthenes concerned
which members of the society were considered citizens
What was the direct cause of Athens' gradual move toward democracy?
Fears of major political upheavals
Why is it important that Alexander the Great was a student of Aristotle?
Aristotle taught Alexander all that was known in the Greek world then
After conquering Greece, Alexander the Great conquered which regions?
Persian Empire, Egypt, and the Indus Valley
After his death, his son assumed control over his
Philip II
What caused the decline of Athens' golden age and the end of democracy?
Military defeat
How did the Spartans treat the Messinians?
They forced them to work as slaves on their land
Which of the following reflects the chronological order in which these wars took place?
Trojan War—Persian Wars—Peloponnesian War
He was the wise statesman who ruled Athens during much of its golden age
Pericles
This temple was crafted by the sculptor Phidias to honor the goddess Athena
Parthenon
He built an empire that stretched to India
Alexander the Great
Why was Alexandria, Egypt, important during Hellenistic period
It became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic culture
How did Hellenistic sculpture differ from classical sculpture?
It was more realistic and emotional
The largest known Greek statue is located
On Rhodes
Among its attractions was a great museum-temple to the Muses and the first true research library in the world
Alexandria
Zeno founded this philosophical direction
Stoicism
This astronomer arrived at a surprising accurate calculation of the earth's circumference
Eratosthenes
This astronomer argued that the sun was much larger than the earth and that the planets revolve around the sun
Aristarchus
This mathematician's work is still the basis of courses in geometry. His textbook, The Elements, was used in classrooms until the 1900's
Euclid
The Hellenistic philosophers were mainly concerned with
how the individual could be happy
Ancient Greece included the southern Balkan peninsula, many islands, and lands on the western coast of
Anatolia
Solon is known for
introducing political and economic reform to Athens
A phalanx was a type of
military formation
The Persian army that invaded Greece in 480 B.C and was defeated at sea near Salamis was led by
Xerxes
This king twice fled the battle field to escape Macedonian forces
Darius III
These people valued duty, strength, and discipline
Spartans
They were driven from Greece shortly before the golden age of Athens began
the Persians
Which of the following was NOT a reason why Alexandria was the foremost center for the spread of Hellenistic culture?
Its military conquests
Why is the government during the Age of Pericles referred to as a "direct democracy"?
Citizens ruled directly; they did not elect representatives
How do you know that Sparta's rulers would be hard to overthrow?
They had control of the military
T/F Ancient Greece was dependent on trade in large part because only a small part of its land was usable for farming
true
T/F Not long after the Peloponnesian War, the Dorians became the dominant Greek civilization, and a period of decline began
false
T/F The Dorians moved into the Greek world and reigned for about 400 years but left no written records
true
T/F The Peloponnesian War marked the start of the Golden Age of Greece
false
T/F Pericles was condemned to commit suicide for "neglecting the city's gods"
false
T/F Socrates was condemned to death for "corrupting the youth of Athens"
true
T/F Philip II was the king of Peloponnesia who hoped to take control of Greece
false
T/F Alexander founded the city of Alexandria at the mouth of the Nile River in Egypt, one of a number of cities he eventually named after himself
true
T/F Alexander died at the age of 32 during brutal fighting in Babylon
false
T/F Archimedes arrived at a fairly accurate value of pi
true
_______shaped Greek civilization just as rivers shaped the ancient civilizations of Egypt, the Fertile Crescent, India and China.
mountains
Because of____________, the Greeks were never able to support a large population
the lack of water able to be used for farming
During the Dorian period, Greek civilization experienced________
decline/dark age
By 740 B.C, the city-state, or_______, was the fundamental political unit in ancient Greece.
polis
The Persian Wars, between Greece and the Persian Empire, began in Ionia on the coast of_______
Anatolia
During the 470 B.C, Athens emerged as the leader of________
The Delian League
After signing a truce with Sparta, in 415 B.C, Athens sent a fleet carrying of more than 20,000 soldiers to ________
Sicily(Syracuse)
One of Aristotle's most famous pupils was_________
Alexander the Great
The kingdom of_________, home of Philip II, had a rough terrain and a cold climate.
Macedonia
The Egyptians welcomed Alexander the Great as a liberator and crowned him_________
pharaoh
During 1500 to 650 B.C, early peoples of Italy included the Latins, Greeks, and these people
Etruscans
This period was a period of peace and prosperity that lasted about 200 years
Pax Romana
In time, the plebeians gained the right to elect their own officials, called________ to protect their interests
tribunes
He was the leader of the Huns
Attila
Rome fought the Punic Wars for control of the
Western Mediterranean Sea
Put the events into chronological order: Rise of the Roman Empire, Punic Wars, Rise of the Roman Empire
Punic Wars, Rise of the Roman Republic, Rise of the Roman Empire
The Roman Senate, which came to hold an important position in the Roman Republic, was
a select group of about three hundred patricians who served for life
Octavian and_________ are two names for the same person
Augustus
Which Roman leader converted to Christianity?
Emperor Constantine
In Rome, who killed the republic and became a dictator?
Julius Caesar
When Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon, it meant that he was doing all of the following EXCEPT
taking a cruise along the Rubicon
The Edict of Milan proclaimed
official tolerance of Christianity
He became the first Roman emperor
Octavian
All of the following were true of the Roman code of laws known as the Twelve Tables EXCEPT that it: was written down, was publicly displayed, gave legal protection to all citizens,
allowed for flexible interpretation of the law
The first triumvirate was made up of
Pompey, Crassus, Caesar
The second triumvirate was made up of
Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian
This was the basic military unit, each of which included about 500,000 men
legion
He was assassinated by a group of Senators on the Ides of March
Julius Caesar
At the conclusion of the first Punic War, this area became a Roman province
Sicily
What did the Roman poet Virgil write
The Aeneid
A rapid increase in prices is called
inflation
General Hannibal had his greatest victory at
Battle of Cannae
According to a Roman myth, Romulus and Remus were all of the following EXCEPT: twins, raised by a wolf, put in a basket and sailed down the Nile River, found by a shepherd
put in a basket and sailed down the Nile River
The writings of Paul and other early Christians are collected in
The New Testament
The Punic Wars were fought against the
Carthaginians
Who took battle elephants over the Alps?
Hannibal
The Romans learned from these people to use the arch in construction
Etruscans
Rome had many types of government. Put them in chronological order: republic, emperor, dictator
republic, dictator, emperor
The final attacks on Rome that resulted in the fall of the Western Roman Empire were made by
a variety of Germanic peoples
Who was successful at the Battle of Actium?
Octavian
Foreign soldiers who fought for money
mercenaries
Rome was located on a superior site for all of the following reasons EXCEPT: the soil was fertile, it had an ideal seaport, it was located on a large river, it was centrally located on the Italian peninsula
it had an ideal seaport
The first Romans settled
on the Capitoline Hill
A dictator was supposed to serve this long
six months
These tribunes tried to help the poor by giving them land and grain
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
When Rome was its biggest, how many people lived in the city of Rome?
One million
Octavian Augustus set up this system to ensure the smooth running of the empire
a civil service
Gravitas encompassed values that the Romans emphasized. These were
discipline, strength, and loyalty
He was the last of the "good" emperors
Marcus Aurelius
The most important Roman gods were
Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva
Which events took place in the Colosseum?
Gladiator fights
From about 500 B.C to 27 B.C Rome could be described as a
republic
Why do we have a lot of knowledge about life in the city of Pompeii
The city was covered with ashes from a volcanic eruption and therefore well-preserved
This ruler divided the Roman Empire into two, parts, the East and the West
Diocletian
At the time of the split of the empire, the eastern part of the Empire
was wealthier than the West
The city Constantine named Constantinople is now called
Istanbul